Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts


Joule, Volume 3, Issue 1, 16 January 2019, Pages 81-100

To achieve goals 7 and 13, we need more renewable energy, and yet the intermittency of renewable sources like wind or solar power means there is a pressing need to develop effective energy storage systems. This Joule study analyses the application-specific lifetime cost for a range of different electricity storage technologies. The analysis strongly suggests that specialized technologies are unlikely to compete with lithium ion battery storage for nearly all applications.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018, Pages 13-20.

This article makes the case for transformative action in the food system to acheieve SDG 13 and UNFCCC agreements. Goal 12 is seen as central to this given the possibility of trade-offs between adaptation and mitigation, and amongst other SDGs.

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 15, April 2018, Pages 1-8

This article explores the importance of lightweight technology in reducing automobile life cycle impacts, which ultimately affects Goals 9, 12 and 13.

Geoforum, Volume 90, 2018, Pages 151-158, ISSN 0016-7185,

This paper examines the impacts on goal 3 (good health and wellbeing) of climate-related disasters covered by goal 13 (climate action). It focuses on children who have lost their parents to HIV/AIDS and their vulnerability during the flash floods in Malawi in 2015.

World Development, Volume 101, January 2018, Pages 173-187

The Green Climate Fund (GCF) was set up in 2009 to help developing countries address climate change, however, it is confronted with the problem of insufficient financing. SDG 17 focuses on partnerships for the goals, which includes official development assistance. This paper explores several schemes for raising the public finance of the GCF among developed countries and therefore contributes to both goal 17 and 13.
Huge amounts of food waste exist in the consumption stage in developed countries. The waste can be converted into safe, nutritious, and value-added livestock feeds. ReFeed can be a game changer, simultaneously addressing multiple challenges such as food security, resource and environmental sustainability, and climate change. This is related to SDG's 2, 12, 13 and 14.

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 14, December 2017, Pages 11-18

This article describes that by removing the organic solvents from the synthesis it is possible to reduce in about two orders of magnitude the emissions of CO2 in the production of the MOF material and also a reduction of one order of magnitude in the freshwater toxicity and resource depletion. The authors believe that this type of study can serve as an initial screen tool to assess the environmental performance of novel materials. Moreover, it can be used for establishing the necessity of recycling a given solvent or to find an alternative solvent that significantly reduces the environmental impact of novel materials.
An early warning scheme is proposed that runs ensembles of inferential models for predicting the cyanobacterial population dynamics and cyanotoxin concentrations in drinking water reservoirs. When the 10- to 30-day-ahead predicted concentrations of cyanobacteria cells or cyanotoxins exceed pre-defined limit values, an early warning automatically activates an action plan considering in-lake control. Implementing the proposed scheme for drinking water reservoirs enhances current water quality monitoring practices by solely utilising in situ monitoring data, in addition to cyanobacteria and cyanotoxin measurements. Access to routinely measured cyanotoxin data allows for development of models that predict explicitly cyanotoxin concentrations that avoid to inadvertently model and predict non-toxic cyanobacterial strains.

Science Bulletin, Volume 61, Issue 23, December 2016, Pages 1833-1838

Future climate change is usually projected by coupled earth system models under specific emission scenarios designed by integrated assessment models (IAMs): this offline approach means there is no interaction between the coupled earth system models and the IAMs. This paper introduces a new method to design possible future emission scenarios and corresponding climate change, in which a simple economic and climate damage component is added to the coupled earth system model of Beijing Normal University (BNU-ESMs. Measuring future climate change is critical for reporting on progress on SDG 13 Climate action.
Low carbon investments in urban areas offer additional benefits (health and jobs). This article examines the co-benefits of low carbon investments in three 3 projects in different cities, addressing SDG 11 (sustainable cities and communities) and SDG 13 (climate action).