Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages

Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018, Pages 43-47.

The SDGs offer oppotunities for closer environment-poverty integration. However, to be transformative, they need a broadening of measures and indicators. This paper argues that indicators should include constituent roles of environment in wellbeing and poverty, furthering goals 1 and 3.
Elsevier,

Sustainable Materials and Technologies Volume 16, July 2018, Pages 1-11

Relating to Goals 3, 9 and 12, this article examines the potential of biobased carbon nanorods to build the conducting architecture of transducers with low environmental impact.
Elsevier,

Geoforum, Volume 90, 2018, Pages 151-158, ISSN 0016-7185,

This paper examines the impacts on goal 3 (good health and wellbeing) of climate-related disasters covered by goal 13 (climate action). It focuses on children who have lost their parents to HIV/AIDS and their vulnerability during the flash floods in Malawi in 2015.
SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis C in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
Three or more cups of coffee daily halves mortality risk in patients with both HIV and HCV. This finding is based on a large nation-wide study in France. This is relevant to SDG 3 and specifically the targets concerned with the reduction of infection diseases, like hepatitis C (HCV).
HIV Rapid Test being administered (Equality Michigan viaWikimedia Commons)
Patients in China can face long delays in completing their testing and initiating treatment when newly diagnosed with HIV. This study aimed to improve linkage to care by assessing the effectiveness of an intervention involving rapid point-of-care testing, trialled in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south China. The intervention increased the number of patients starting treatment and reduced mortality. However, difficulties in ensuring patients remained in the care cascade were noted and highlights the challenges China faces in meeting the SDG 3 goals.
SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
New HIV diagnoses among people aged 50 years or older in the EU & EEA
SDG 3 target 3 is concerned with ending the AIDS epidemic. Between 2004 and 2015 there were 54 102 new cases of HIV infection in older adults (aged ≥50 years) reported in the 31 countries of the European Economic Area (EEA). In comparison with younger adults this age group were more likely to present late and to have acquired the infection via heterosexual contact. The notification rate of new infections increased in older adults over the time period studied, which highlights the need for increased education and targeted prevention strategies for this population.
To advance goals 3 and 8, this article explores the causality between mental illness and long-term sickness absence. In a randomized clinical trial, a 4-h training programme for managers reduced sickness absence among employees in the Australian fire and rescue service at 6 months after the intervention. The training was highly cost effective and should be tested in other populations.
Elsevier,

Kidney International Supplements, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 71-87

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health concern and an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. In support of SDG 3, this review expands on the recently published International Society of Nephrology (ISN) CKD roadmap, which discusses the globally relevant major traditional and nontraditional CKD risk factors, highlights gaps in knowledge, and recommends strategies to close these gaps and enhance CKD prevention.

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