Access to Health Care

Access to health care is a fundamental component in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 3, which aims to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Health care access is not just about the availability of health facilities, medicines, and qualified health care professionals, but also encompasses affordability, accessibility, and quality of these services. It is intrinsically linked to various other SDGs, reflecting the interconnected nature of health and broader sustainable development.

Firstly, the availability of comprehensive, quality health care services is crucial. This includes preventive, curative, rehabilitative, and palliative care across all life stages. However, availability alone is insufficient; these services must be accessible physically and financially to everyone, regardless of their socioeconomic status. This aspect highlights the importance of SDG 1 (No Poverty) and SDG 10 (Reduced Inequalities) in achieving health-related goals. Financial barriers, such as high out-of-pocket expenses, can impede access to health services, leading to disparities in health outcomes.

Another key factor is the quality of health services. Quality health care should be safe, effective, timely, efficient, equitable, and people-centered. This aligns with SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth) by ensuring that health care systems provide quality jobs and contribute to broader economic development. Furthermore, a quality health care system promotes trust and respect between health care providers and the community, which is vital for the overall effectiveness of the health care system.

The relationship between health and education (SDG 4) is also significant. Educated individuals are more likely to understand health information and access health care services. Moreover, education leads to better health outcomes, as educated individuals are more likely to engage in healthy behaviors and seek medical care when necessary.

Environmental factors, as addressed in SDGs 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities), 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production), and 13 (Climate Action), have a profound impact on health. Clean air, safe drinking water, and nutritious food are essential for good health. Therefore, efforts to improve environmental conditions directly contribute to better health outcomes and vice versa.

Additionally, health care access is related to gender equality (SDG 5). Women and girls often face unique health challenges and barriers to accessing health care. Addressing these challenges is essential for achieving gender equality and improving the health and well-being of women and girls.

Elsevier,

Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Volume 48, April 2024

Supports SDG 3 in describing problems associated with delayed pregnancies and a lack of access to care.
The right to IVF and access to care are covered by SDG 3.
Elsevier,

Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, Volume 39, March 2024

Access to care and contraception are both rights supported by SDG 3.

World Immunization Week 2024: Uniting for Universal Vaccine Coverage

World Patient Safety Day 2024

Patient safety stands at the forefront of quality healthcare, emphasizing the importance of avoiding harm to patients during care. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes the critical nature of patient safety and observes World Patient Safety Day every year. This day serves as a global platform to discuss, strategize, and drive initiatives that place patient safety at the core of healthcare systems worldwide.

Significance of Patient Safety

Safe patient care is paramount for various reasons:

Elsevier,

Principles and Application of Evidence-based Public Health Practice

2024, Pages 101-125

Public policy and linked social action must address the structural or intermediary social determinants of health. Though policy decisions or reform is one of the social action approaches, the programmatic, regulatory, and community development approaches need to be efficiently used. The COVID-19 pandemic expedited and facilitated collaboration with people outside the health sector. Such established and better-performing collaborations and social actions need continuation and expansion to other areas for better health and well-being. The national and subnational multisectoral action plan and its effective implementation can facilitate the “Health in All Policies” and address most of the social determinants of health.

World AIDS Day

World AIDS Day, observed annually on 1st December, is an opportunity for people around the globe to unite in the fight against HIV/AIDS, support those affected, and remember those who have lost their lives to the disease.

I. The Importance of World AIDS Day

World Hepatitis Day: Uniting in the Fight Against a Global Health Threat

World Hepatitis Day, observed on 28th July each year, is a global initiative to raise awareness about viral hepatitis, promote prevention, and encourage testing and treatment. The World Health Organization (WHO) and partners across the globe come together to highlight the urgency of eliminating hepatitis by 2030. This article delves into the significance of World Hepatitis Day, the types of hepatitis, prevention methods, available treatments, and how you can get involved.

Elsevier,

F&S Reports,
Volume 4, Issue 1,
2023,
Pages 112-120,
ISSN 2666-3341

The purpose of this study was to investigate barriers in accessing care for infertility in Mexico, because little is known about this issue for low and middle-income countries, which comprise 80% of the world’s population.
Elsevier,

Genomic Data Sharing,  Case Studies, Challenges, and Opportunities for Precision Medicine, 2023, Pages 71-90

 

The Global Alliance for Genomics and Health (GA4GH) is an international standards development organization focused on advancing human health and medicine through genomic data sharing and interoperability. Founded in 2013, the organization has evolved over time and has adapted to unexpected challenges. Three themes have emerged as critical to the organization's success: (1) community needs must drive development; (2) agility is necessary to create global equity and opportunity; (3) developing an idea into a widely adopted standard requires multiple levels of consensus furthering SDG3.

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