Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all

Factory
The UK Climate Change Agreements (CCA) aim to save energy and carbon emissions by way of energy efficiency targets in industrial sectors, while simultaneously reducing energy costs for participating organisations with large discounts on Climate Change Levies (CCL). This article is related to SDG 7, Affordable and Clean Energy; SDG 13, Climate Action; and SDG 9, Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure; as it demonstrates the ways in which governments can not only improve energy efficiency but also benefit industrial sectors.
Solar panels and wind turbines
In the effort to combat climate change and reduce energy consumption, largescale energy efficiency improvements to residential and commercial properties are a key aspect of the UK Government's Clean Growth Strategy. This article discusses the history of The Green Deal and the legal implications for landlords and tenants of the private rented sector. The need for energy-efficient homes and commercial properties relates to SDG 7, Affordable and Clean Energy, which aims to ensure access to affordable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. Affordable and clean energy for all will combat climate change by reducing energy consumption and emissions, thus relating this article to SDG 13, Climate Action.
Mitigating and adapting to climate change requires decarbonizing electricity while ensuring resilience of supply, since a warming planet will lead to greater extremes in weather and, plausibly, in pow
A growing number of governments are pledging to achieve net-zero greenhouse gas emissions by mid-century.
Elsevier,

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 102, January 2022

This paper cautions that the adoption of electric vehicles with the aim of reducing greenhouse gas emissions must balance that beneficial effect against increased water consumption. It recommends battery electric vehicles charged by solar energy as the best solution.
Elsevier,

Dincer, Exergy - Energy, Environment and Sustainable Development, 2021, Pages 61-89

This book chapter advances SDGs 7 and 9 by connecting exergy with three essential areas in terms of energy, environment and sustainable development.
By the year 2019, the number of people without access to electricity was 770 million, most of which lived in rural areas.
Globally, 2.6 billion people still cook with biomass, resulting in interlinked health, environmental and drudgery challenges.
Graphical abstract showing how resources depend on income
Low-income households (LIHs) have experienced increased poverty and inaccess to healthcare services during the COVID-19 pandemic, limiting their ability to adhere to health-protective behaviors.
Graph showing differences in energy consumption in the USA
The COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated energy insecurity and economic hardship among vulnerable populations.

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