Fossil Fuels

Fossil fuels, including coal, oil, and natural gas, play a significant but complex role in the context of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). On the one hand, they have historically contributed to economic growth and development (SDG 8), and in many parts of the world, they still provide a significant portion of the energy supply (SDG 7). On the other hand, the extraction and combustion of fossil fuels lead to environmental degradation and climate change (SDG 13), air pollution (SDG 3), and can negatively impact life below water and on land (SDGs 14 and 15). Thus, achieving the SDGs necessitates a transition from fossil fuels to more sustainable forms of energy (SDG 7) and the development of technologies and practices to mitigate the negative impacts of fossil fuel use.

"We're no acme or pinnacle of anything, we're just simply evolutionary steps," says this week's "World We Want" podcast guest, Dr. Gabriel Filippelli, of the human hubris surrounding climate change. In a long conversation, Márcia Balisciano and Dr. Filippeli, author of Climate Change and Life, touch upon the history of the world, both in terms of climate change and in the patterns of evolution and extinction, as well as what the presently changing climate means for human beings. Balancing pragmatism and optimism, this episode serves as a stark look at the reality of climate change and the will—political, environmental, and personal—needed to adapt.
This content aligns with Goal 15: Life on Land by exploring the fossil history, phylogeny, and diversity of crocodilians.

Power to Fuel, How to Speed Up a Hydrogen Economy, 2021, Pages 1-15

This book chapter addresses SDG 7 by explaining how hydrogen can help address the transition away from fossil fuel and switch to more renewable energy supported fuels.
This chapter advances SDG 6, 7, and 11 by examining the role of resource recovery technologies in reducing the demand of fossil fuels and conventional fossil-based mineral fertilizers, including through the production of sustainable biofuels such as hydrogen, syngas, and bio-oil.
Advancing SDGs 7 and 13, this article outlines why divesting from fossil fuels makes sense environmentally and financially.

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 101, March 2019

Research into alternative renewable energy generation is a priority, due to the ever-increasing concern of climate change. Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are one potential avenue to be explored, as a partial solution towards combating the over-reliance on fossil fuel based electricity. Limitations have slowed the advancement of MFC development, including low power generation, expensive electrode materials and the inability to scale up MFCs to industrially relevant capacities. However, utilisation of new advanced electrode-materials (i.e.

Fossil fuel subsidies are a key barrier for economic development and climate change mitigation. While the plunge in international fuel prices has increased the political will to introduce fossil fuel subsidy reforms, recently introduced reforms may risk backsliding when fuel prices rebound − particularly if they fail to address the underlying mechanisms that create demand for low fossil fuel prices. Extant literature has mostly focused on the consequences of fossil fuel subsidies, including their economic or environmental impact, and the social contract that make their reform difficult.