Health and population

Afghanistan has prioritised the achievement of universal health coverage, drawing attention to underserved groups such as people living with disabilities. This study analyses the progress of improving health care coverage for people with disabilities, between 2005 and 2013, using the indicators availability of health care, as well as perceived coverage of health needs. As part of SDG 3.8, this study helps shape policy for improving the provision of health care for people with disabilities.
West Africa has the highest proportion of married adolescents, and the highest adolescent childbearing rate and maternal death rate in sub-Saharan Africa. Using data from 19 211 women across 13 west African countries, this survey-based study reports that while many adolescents use some antenatal care for their first birth, they seek care later, make fewer visits during pregnancy, and receive less comprehensive care than older first-time mothers.
This Practice Note from LexisPSL explains when environmental impact assessments (EIA) are required in the UK; the EIA procedure; the relationship between EIA and planning applications; the Rochdale Envelope; challenging an EIA decision and the court’s discretion to quash; EIA for nationally significant infrastructure projects; and upcoming amendments to the EIA process. EIAs advance SDG 11.3 to enhance inclusive and sustainable urbanization and capacity for participatory, integrated and sustainable human settlement planning and management in all countries.
To mark US Independence Day 2017, LexisNexis Legal & Professional has released new data for 98 countries indicating that the stronger a country’s rule of law, the greater it performs against measures of life expectancy, civil liberty, and happiness. This helps to demonstrate how SDG 16 Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions underpins all of the SDGs.
Maternal mortality remains a major health challenge facing developing countries, with pre-eclampsia accounting for up to 17% of maternal deaths. Diagnosis requires skilled health providers and devices that are appropriate for low-resource settings. This study presents the first cost-effectiveness analysis of multiple medical devices used to diagnose pre-eclampsia in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs).

Vaccine, Volume 35, Issue 23, 2017, Pages 3135-3142

Thermostable vaccines can relieve bottlenecks in vaccine supply chains and therefore contribute to SDG 3 target 8 and 3B. The question remains whether benefits would outweigh the additional costs. Computational modeling quantified economic impact of making vaccines thermostable. Thermostable formulations were highly cost-effective or cost-effective in most scenarios explored. Medical costs and productivity savings outweighed significant price premiums.

The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 22 May 2017

In certain gender non-conforming minors (aged under 18 years), the World Professional Association for Transgender Health and the Endocrine Society recommend suspending puberty to minimise the discordance between assigned sex at birth and gender identity, thereby maximising the timeframe for gender clarification. This review explores the historical basis for this recommendation together with the cognitive, physical, and surgical implications for gender-incongruent children and adolescents. Transgender health and care falls within the remit of SDG 3.
The winners of the 2017 Elsevier Foundation Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge are first-prize winner (at right) Dênis Pires de Lima, PhD, a professor at Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, and runner-up Chioma Blaise Chikere, PhD, a
"The Elsevier Foundation is encouraging innovation and enhancing scientific research through its Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge. This open competition aims to encourage green and sustainable chemistry solutions to tackle some of the biggest sustainability challenges, whether in water, energy or sanitation and directly supports SDG 9 target 5 by encouraging innovation, in particular in developing countries. The winner of the 2017 Challenge is developing low-cost and sustainable insecticides with the aim of reducing mosquito-related diseases such as Dengue Fever."
This collection of articles from the Editors of Environment International Journal explore the impact of climate change on health. The collection demonstrates the interconnectedness of SDG 13 and SDG 3. Understanding the changes and associated impact allows us to develop appropriate adaptive policies and practices to respond to climate-sensitive health risks.
Field trial visit to the Center of Excellence for Rice in Malaysia, left to right: Shahrizal Abdul, Rob van Daalen, Raudhah Talib, Dr. Suzana Yusup, Noor Hafizah Ramli and Abu Bakar Ahmad.
The winner of the first ever Green and Sustainable Chemistry Challenge, Dr Suzana Yusup, invited Rob van Daalen (publisher Chemistry and initiator of the Challenge) to make a site visit to see the progress of her project "Biopesticide for Improvement of Paddy Yield". The visit made clear that the Elsevier sustainability program and specifically this challenge have a positive impact on health, environment and society in local communities in Malaysia, enhancing efforts to advance SDGs 1, 6, 12 and 15.