South America

Vanadium (V) toxicity depends on its oxidation state; it seems that vanadium pentoxide (V2O5) is the most toxic to the living cells. It has been reported that oral administration induces changes in motor activity and learning; in rats, I.P. administration increases lipid peroxidation levels in the cerebellum and the concentration of free radicals in the hippocampus and cerebellum.
This article addresses SDG 3 and 10 by characterising the spread of COVID-19 in Brazil, showing that existing socioeconomic inequalities, rather than age or health status, determined the initial course of the epidemic. Areas with high socioeconomic vulnerability were disproportionately affected, and these results suggest that targeted policies are needed to protect the most vulnerable groups.
Mangrove-dominated estuaries host a diverse microbial assemblage that facilitates nutrient and carbon conversions and could play a vital role in maintaining ecosystem health. In this study, we used 16S rRNA gene analysis, metabolic inference, nutrient concentrations, and δ C and δ N isotopes to evaluate the impact of land use change on near-shore biogeochemical cycles and microbial community structures within mangrove-dominated estuaries.
Proximity and size of the nearest market (‘market gravity’) have been shown to have strong negative effects on coral reef fish communities that can be mitigated by the establishment of closed areas. However, moray eels are functionally unique predators that are generally not subject to targeted fishing and should therefore not directly be affected by these factors. We used baited remote underwater video systems to investigate associations between morays and anthropogenic, habitat, and ecological factors in the Caribbean region.
Hippocampus segmentation on magnetic resonance imaging is of key importance for the diagnosis, treatment decision and investigation of neuropsychiatric disorders. In this paper we present a state-of-the-art, open source, ready-to-use, deep learning based hippocampus segmentation method.
This journal article addresses SDG 5 by showing that the way society is organized causes several gender biases that may be reflected throughout women's careers. Funding agencies, universities, and society need to take steps to consider the systemic bias that women experience throughout their careers.
This book chapter advances SDG10 and 16 by investigating practices for disaster response that take indigenous communities into account--something that is often ignored or even actively opposed.
Advancing SDG 15, this article aimed to isolate, characterize (biochemically and molecularly) and assess the potential of cowpea nodulating/maize associated rhizobia for plant growth promotion.
Dr. Dr. Dênis Pires de Lima, 2017 first prize winner of the Elsevier Foundation-ISC3 Green & Sustainable Chemistry Challenge
In 2017, Dr. Dênis Pires de Lima from the Federal University of Mato Grosso do Sul, Brazil, was awarded the first prize of € 50,000 for his project “From Cashews to castor oil, combating mosquito-borne diseases.” Contributing to SDGs 3 and 15, Dr. Pires de Lima and his team’s project promoted the use of natural waste from locally sourced cashew nuts and castor oil, to produce environmentally friendly insecticides against mosquitoes carrying Zika and Dengue fever — a sustainable alternative to conventional, substantially toxic insecticides. Three years later, we interviewed Dr. about his experience as a winner of the Green Sustainable Chemistry Challenge, as well as the upcoming steps for his winning project.

Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Volume 139, September 2020, pp. 54-69

The ability to be mobile within a community without fear of gender-based violence or sexual harassment is an inherent right of every individual. This article explores the current state of gender and mobility issues in Bogota, Columbia and discusses the need to change current policies in support of UN SDG's 5, 10, and 8.