Health and population

Elsevier,

The Psychology of Criminal and Antisocial Behavior: Victim and Offender Perspectives, 2017, Pages 343-359

Contributing to SDGs 3 and 5, this chapter discusses the importance that those dealing with domestic violence are well trained to recognise the warning signs, behaviors, and circumstances that are associated with domestic violence and its various incarnations, as well as the psychological, social, and physical consequences of this form of victimization.
Elsevier,

Explaining Suicide: Patterns, Motivations, and What Notes Reveal, 2017, Pages 51-71

Contributing to SDGs 3 and 5, this chapter examines interpersonal relationships as a motivation for suicide.
Elsevier,

Physical Activity and the Aging Brain, Effects of Exercise on Neurological Function, 2017, Pages 141-150

This chapter addresses goal 3 by examining the role that exercise and physical activity play on Alzheimer’s Disease.
In South Africa the population over the age of 60 is increasing and predicted to reach 5.5 million by 2025 and yet the knowledge and awareness of dementia is low. This study describes an innovative programme for caring for older people and people affected by dementia in one isolated rural community in South Africa, contributing to SDG 3 to ensure healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages.
Soil-transmitted helminth infection is the most common parasitic human disease, affecting an estimated 1·45 billion individuals worldwide. School-age children are at especially high risk of morbidity from infection and as a result, deworming campaigns are often targeted to this age group. This study is the first to synthesise existing research reporting the effect of either targeted or mass distribution of deworming programmes, and suggests that expanding campaigns community-wide in endemic areas could reduce the incidence of these infections in school-age children.
Alcohol use disorders contribute significantly to the global burden of disability and premature mortality. Structured psychological treatments are recommended as first-line interventions for harmful drinking; however, poor access to primary care services limits their accessibility. This trial conducted in India provides proof of principle that strategies for behavioural change can be delivered effectively by non-specialist health workers in a primary-care setting. Such a strategy could help to close the large and rising global treatment gap for alcohol use disorders and directly contributes to SDG 3 target 5.
Elsevier,

International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, Volume 6, 2017, Pages 8-13

This paper details a Research Summit, which was convened in Nairobi, Kenya and aimed to: identify regional gaps in knowledge and priorities for nursing and midwifery research and mentorship, recommend strategies that address these gaps, develop a mentorship plan with access to a pool of regional and global nurse and midwifery research experts, and disseminate recommended strategies with a mentorship approach to pave the way for sustainability and replication. It helps support both SDG 3 and SDG 4, recognising the importance of quality education to develop and enhance the careers of nurses and midwives.
Depression accounts for the largest burden of mental illness worldwide, with a global prevalence of 4·7% and an associated cost of US$1·15 trillion. Although psychological treatments are recommended as first-line interventions, most depressed people living in poor countries lack access to such treatments. This trial done in India is the first study to assess the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of psychological treatment for depression in a lower middle-income country, showing acceptability, feasibility, and cost-effectiveness when delivered by lay health-workers and advancing knowledge on SDG 3.
The cost of the health SGDs
How much will it cost to reach the health-related SDGs in low-income and middle-income countries? This model-based projection analysis funded by the World Health Organization estimates that an extra $274 billion spending on health is needed per year by 2030 to make progress towards the SDG 3 targets—the equivalent of $58 per person. If actually spent, 97 million lives could be saved and life expectancy increased by 3·1–8·4 years.
This research aims to distinguishing hypothetical willingness from behavioural intentions to initiate HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). Findings from this study contribute directly to SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).

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