Health and population


Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing, Volume 46, Issue 3, May–June 2017, Pages e56-e64

SDG 3 includes the target 3.1: is to reduce the global maternal mortality ratio to less than 70 per 100,000 live births by 2030. In this article, the authors describe the global factors that contribute to maternal mortality rates, outcomes of the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals, and the new, related Sustainable Development Goals. Implications for clinical practice, health care systems, research, and health policy are provided.
Prince Harry
With so many adults living with a serious mental health impairment, it is important to create a good mental health work environment for employees. This article examines how mental health issues can impact the workplace. The goal of SDG target 3.4 is to reduce premature mortality from non-communicable diseases through prevention and treatment and promote mental health and well-being.
This study illustrates how consumer social risk footprints can assist in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). For their social footprint, The authors select 4 indicators related to five of the UN's SDGs: gender equality (SDG 5 also 8.5 & 8.8); mother and child health (SDG 3, especially 3.1 & 3.2); governance (SDG 16, especially 16.5 & 16.6); and access to clean water (SDG 6, especially 6.1 & 6.2). The results discussed are important for the UN in developing partnerships to address the SDG's and for organisations such as the World Bank, Trade Unions and NGOs' work towards a fairer world.

Children and Youth Services Review, Volume 76, May 2017, Pages 203-212

India has the world's highest burden of child undernutrition and that despite increased economic growth and child welfare it is continuing to rise. This paper examines the links between gender inequality and a child’s nutritional status, highlighting the interconnections between SDGs 2 and 5.
Although one of the poorest countries in the world, Rwanda has achieved most of its Millennium Development targets for health. The major mechanisms for implementation of government policies, with the support of development partners, have been the provision of relatively local health centers, payment of health providers by results, setting up an affordable health insurance scheme and the appointment of volunteer Community Health Workers. The effectiveness of this level of community involvement suggests that the SDGs may also be attainable. This article informs the achievement for SDG 3 and its targets.
Cancer is a major cause of death in children worldwide, and incidence is increasing. This population-based study from the International Agency for Research on Cancer in collaboration with the International Association of Cancer Registries aimed to provide internationally comparable local data on the incidence of childhood cancer. This study observed geographical, racial and ethnic, age, sex, and temporal variations in childhood cancer which require further monitoring and research. These data can be used to inform aetiological research, to inform public health policy and to advance SDG 3 target 4.
The prevalence of HIV among transgender women in Brazil is not known. A respondent-driven study in Rio de Janeiro assessed the prevalence of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections and described the characteristics predictive of newly diagnosed HIV in this population. These findings will improve and direct future sexual health-care service provision, as well as the attainment of SDG 3, in Brazil.
Goal 10 target 7 is concerned with safe and responsible migration. To achieve this, the global refugee crisis requires a concerted response from mental health professionals who can use collaborative resiliency training to support community-level self-organisation towards resilience, recovery, and social integration.
Directly relating to SDGs 3 (good health and well-being) and 12 (responsible consumption and production), this review outlines the risks of transmission of antibiotic resistance from the environment to humans.

Materials Today, Volume 20, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 67-73

In 2013 alone nearly 50 million tons of e-waste was generated worldwide. The United Nations’ STEP initiative has reported that e-waste is expected to grow by 33% over the next 4 years and by 2030 obsolete computer waste will reach 1,000 million tons. This electronic waste often contain toxic substances and nearly 80–85% of electronic products are directly disposed of in landfills or incinerators. The researchers suggest a new technique where circuit boards from electronics can be crushed into nanodust by a cryo-mill. The dust can then be easily separated into its component elements for recycling. The researchers intend it to replace the current process of e-waste into landfills and advances SDG 12.