Ecological Restoration

Ecological restoration, a process of assisting the recovery of an ecosystem that has been degraded, damaged, or destroyed, plays a pivotal role in the global efforts to combat the accelerating environmental crises of our time. At its core, ecological restoration is more than just replanting forests, re-establishing wetlands, or cleaning polluted rivers; it's about rebuilding the intricate relationships between organisms and their environments, thus fostering biodiversity, resilience, and ecosystem services that human communities depend upon. By re-establishing native vegetation, re-introducing wildlife, and enhancing soil health, the process ensures that ecosystems regain their health, vitality, and natural balance. The relevance of these efforts becomes even more pronounced when seen in the context of the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The SDGs, adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015, offer a universal blueprint for peace and prosperity for people and the planet by 2030. Comprising 17 interconnected goals, they advocate for multifaceted solutions addressing challenges related to poverty, health, education, inequality, and, crucially, environmental degradation. While the 15th SDG, 'Life on Land,' most explicitly stresses the need for sustainable management of forests, combating desertification, and halting and reversing land degradation and biodiversity loss, the truth is that ecological restoration is entwined with many other SDGs as well. For instance, restoring mangrove ecosystems not only aids in preserving diverse marine life but also acts as a natural buffer against coastal erosion and storm surges, thus addressing SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 11 (Sustainable Cities and Communities). Similarly, rejuvenating agricultural lands through sustainable farming practices can ensure food security (SDG 2), promote sustainable economic growth through increased yields (SDG 8), and provide cleaner water sources by reducing agricultural runoff (SDG 6).

Moreover, there's a sociocultural dimension to ecological restoration that aligns with the SDGs’ ethos of leaving no one behind. Indigenous and local communities, historically stewards of their lands, have unique knowledge of the ecosystems they inhabit. By integrating their wisdom with modern scientific approaches, ecological restoration projects can promote inclusivity (SDG 10), strengthening community ties and fostering cultural continuity (SDG 16). Furthermore, when communities are actively involved in restoration endeavors, it creates job opportunities, contributes to local economies, and can empower women and marginalized groups, addressing SDG 5 (Gender Equality) and SDG 8 (Decent Work and Economic Growth).

The synergy between ecological restoration and SDGs lies in their shared vision of a sustainable future. By healing the environment, we are indirectly addressing a myriad of socio-economic issues. Ecological restoration, therefore, isn't just an environmental imperative but a holistic approach towards achieving global sustainability. Recognizing and acting upon this interconnectedness is vital for the collective future of our planet and its inhabitants.


Pierre Boissery, Philippe Lenfant, Gilles Lecaillon, Anaïs Gudefin, Sebastien Fonbonne, Mohamed Selfati, Najib El Ouamari, Robert Brunet, Free Espinosa, Hocein Bazairi, Chapter 7 - The ecological restoration: A way forward the conservation of marine biodiversity, Editor(s): Free Espinosa,
Coastal Habitat Conservation, Academic Press, 2023, Pages 171-191, ISBN 9780323856133

This content aligns with Goal 14: Life under Water by stressing the import of ecological restoration to preserve marine biodiversity.

With the rapid development of China's economy, it has become crucial to achieve the right balance between economic development and environmental protection. Green growth is a significant approach to addressing the relationship between economic development and the environment. Low-carbon development and ecological protection are two essential aspects of green development, and they tremendously impact enterprises' resource-based supply chain. Hence, this paper seeks to explore the revenue distribution mechanism of the resource-based supply chain in the context of green development.

This book chapter advances SDGs 15 and 11 by exploring a holistic approach to urban soil restoration which seeks to improve urban soils using integrated socioecological and landscape-scale approaches that embrace diverse outcomes including novel ecosystems and many sociocultural goals.
This book chapter advances SDGs 15 and 13 by discussing the impact of deforestation, rising temperatures, drought, fire and other ecological disturbances and the reduction of forest cover on much of the earth, compromising the ability of forests to supply important ecosystem services.
This book chapter advances SDGs 15 and 11 by looking at land restoration and its military dimensions, as part of the environmental security discourse, a topic that has not received as much attention as it should in mainstream environmental security studies and policy discussions.