The Lancet Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Volume 7, October 2022

This Article supports SDG 3 by examining the prevalence of occult HBV infection (HbSAg negative, HBV DNA positive) through a review including 305 studies. The prevalence was noted to be substantial in some populations (high-risk groups) and high-endemicity countries, necessitating improved access to HBV DNA testing.
The lung compartments affected by pulmonary manifestations of IEI include the airways, alveolar space, interstitial space, vasculature, and the pleural space
The lung is a crucial immune organ continuously exposed to the external environment. Genetic defects that impair immune function, called inborn errors of immunity (IEI), often have lung disease as the initial and/or primary manifestation. Common types of lung disease seen in IEI include infectious complications and a diverse group of diffuse interstitial lung diseases.
Treatment with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) was found to be effective in reducing the occurrence of liver cancer and disease progression in patients with chronic hepatitis B. The treatment also achieved significant viral suppression and improvement in liver fibrosis. This offers hope for individuals with chronic hepatitis B who are at risk of developing liver cancer.
This Review supports Sustainable Development Goal 3 by summarising human studies on the association between brain and visceral white adipose tissue, and defines their interaction and underlying mechanisms on the basis of animal and cell studies.
This Article supports SDG 3 and 7 by showing that air pollution exposure increases the risk of almost all phases of cardiometabolic multimorbidity progression.

The Lancet Planetary Health, Volume 6, October 2022

This Personal View supports SDG 3 by explaining how plastic waste can facilitate the proliferation and propogation of infectious diseases, including arthropod-borne and water-borne diseases, among its other negative effects on the environment
This Article supports SDG 3 by assessing the safety and efficacy profile of abacavir used in first, second, or subsequent lines of treatment for infants, children, and adolescents living with HIV to inform 2021 WHO paediatric ART recommendations.

Free Radical Biology and Medicine, Volume 191, October 2022

Graphical abstract
This review article is about free radical generation during viral infection, including HIV, with a special emphasis on detection methods.
Neuropilin-1 in PE, HIV-1 and SARS-CoV-2 infection.
This review explores the role of transmembrane neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) in pregnancy, preeclampsia (PE), human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) and severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections. Since these conditions are assessed independently, this review attempts to predict their comorbid clinical manifestations.
Graphical abstract
This study uses targeted plasma proteomics to show the upregulation of inflammation in people living with HIV.