Science

The role of science in achieving the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) cannot be overstated. Science, technology, and innovation are instrumental to addressing the significant challenges encompassed within the 17 SDGs, ranging from poverty and inequality to climate change and biodiversity loss.

Science underpins our understanding of the challenges our world faces and is pivotal in SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 14 (Life Below Water) and 15 (Life on Land), where understanding ecosystems, environmental degradation, and climate change is paramount. Research in the Earth and environmental sciences provides us with knowledge about the severity of these issues and potential mitigation and adaptation strategies.

Furthermore, in SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), science in the form of medical research and biotechnology contributes to the development of treatments and preventive measures for various diseases. Vaccines, therapeutic drugs, and disease prevention techniques have been made possible due to advancements in biological and health sciences.

Moreover, technological advancements and innovative solutions, often rooted in science, are essential to achieving SDG 7 (Affordable and Clean Energy), SDG 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation), and SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure). From developing renewable energy technologies to creating systems that enhance water and sanitation accessibility, science serves as the bedrock of these innovations.

Science also plays a critical role in SDG 2 (Zero Hunger) by improving agricultural methods, crop yields, and food storage. Through genetic engineering and modern farming techniques, scientists can help increase food security and reduce world hunger.

Finally, science is integral to SDG 4 (Quality Education). A well-rounded education should include a robust scientific curriculum that fosters critical thinking, problem-solving, and a deep understanding of the world. Furthermore, by promoting scientific literacy, societies are better equipped to make informed decisions about policies and practices that affect sustainable development.

To make strides in achieving the SDGs, the scientific community, policymakers, and society must work together. The integration of science into policy-making processes is fundamental in developing and implementing sustainable and impactful strategies that move us closer to accomplishing these ambitious yet achievable goals.

Chen and Holtzman review the emerging roles of both innate and adaptive immunity, their alterations, their interplay, and their contributions to the development and progression of Alzheimer’s disease. They proposed that targeting dysregulated innate and adaptive immune responses in both brain parenchyma and border structures could lead to important therapeutics for preventing and treating the disease.
How to determinemicroplatsctis in samples in a green way? Often sample preparation steps involve environmentally harmful chemicals. This artcile decsibes a robust, efficient and green sample preparation with a high separation quality.
Behcet's disease is a systemic vasculitis that can manifest as an intracardiac thrombus, which is rare but a serious complication. 
This Article supports SDG 3 by characterizing unmet needs and experiences of caregivers of patients with Erdheim-Chester disease and other histiocytic neoplasms and identifies factors associated with finding benefit and meaning-making in providing care for patients with rare cancers.
Elsevier,

The Veterinarian's Guide to Animal Welfare, 2022, pp 117-138

This chapter aligns with Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing and Goal 15: Life on Land by describing the various methods and metrics to use in assessing animal welfare, from wildlife to livestock to laboratory animals and beyond.
Elsevier,

The Lancet Regional Health - Southeast Asia,
Volume 9,
2023,
100108

Shows the pathway from Diagnostic pathway through Preliminary screening to Enzyme and Molecular Testing
This Review supports SDG 3 by summarising the spectrum of lysosomal storage disorders (a group of rare diseases), their molecular epidemiology, and prevention efforts in India.

The Lancet Neurology, Volume 21, Issue 11, November 2022, Pages 1004-1060,

This update to the 2017 Lancet Neurology Commission on traumatic brain injury advances SDG 3 by presenting new insights and challenges across a range of topics around traumatic brain injury, a leading cause of injury-related death and disability worldwide, with devastating effects on patients and their families.
Elsevier,

Chemical Engineering Research and Design, Volume 187, November 2022

Fig. 1. Outstanding women scientists across the globe who are making an impact in chemical engineering research and education.
This Editorial highlights 17 contributions from outstanding women researchers in chemical engineering supporting SDG 5 (Gender equality) as well as SDG 9 (Industry, innovation and infrastructure).
Several studies of adult-onset multiple sclerosis (AOMS) patients have demonstrated that spinal cord volume loss is associated with disease progression and clinical disability; however, complementary studies of young patients with pediatric-onset multiple sclerosis (POMS) are lacking. In the context of SDG Goal 3, this retrospective study aimed to assess spinal cord volume in POMS patients compared with that in healthy controls.
Recommends ways to maximise potential of autonomous vehicles to improve accessibility for disabled persons.

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