Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals (Fifth Edition), Volume I: General Considerations, 2022, Pages 137-182

In this chapter, we review the relevant scientific literature providing insights on health-related effects caused by inhalation of particulate metals, and their potential causal pathways.
Ethiopia has experienced rapid urbanization over the past three decades. Several cities expanded rapidly and many satellite towns sprung up around the major cities.
Indigenous and community lands, crucial for rural livelihoods, are typically held under informal customary tenure arrangements. This article reviews and maps 19 community land formalization and 14 company land acquisition procedures in 15 countries in Africa, Asia and Latin America. Comparing community and company procedures identifies multiple sources of inequity.
The concept of “Smart City” has been proposed by governments, the business community, advocacy groups, and research institutions as a means to solve common urban problems and improve the quality of li
As the rapid development of population leads to increasing demand for food and land resources, issues such as deforestation, land restoration from lakes, and the recuperation of grassland can lead to a ferocious cycle. This chapter reviews issues and challenges of the land reclamation process and strategic solutions proposed for its sustainable development.
This article aims to present and discuss the energy and environmental reality in the building sector and critically investigate the future pathways towards its decarbonisation.
Blockchain technology promises to improve the efficiency, transparency, and accountability of humanitarian operations.
Background: Natural outdoor environments including green spaces play an important role in preserving population health and wellbeing in cities, but the number of deaths that could be prevented by incr
The authors propose the adoption of a mnemonic for climate action that healthcare professionals can embrace and use as a platform to catalyse action.