Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development

Links to SDG6 and the theme of WWD as it covers the presence of emerging pollutants in aquatic systems such as rivers, lakes, groundwater, glaciers, wetlands, the ocean poses significant risks to human and environmental health.

The Physical Oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean Sea, Exploration, Observations, Interpretations, 2022, Pages 433-477

This book chapter advances SDG 14 by explaining the significant change in the exploration, study, and understanding of the oceanography of the Arctic Mediterranean. The first SCISEX cruise with USS Pargo 1993 indicated that the salinity and temperature in the upper layer of the Eurasian Basin were higher than previously reported, while the upper layer salih upward-looking sonars, and when the newly observed thicknesses were compared with those measured 30 years earlier, they indicated that the mean ice thickness had been reduced by about 40%. Suddenly change rather than constancy became the focus, and observations spread over time, which previously had been used to describe the mean circulation and the mean state, now acquired a time dimension.
This chapter examines how PPCPs are often termed as micropollutants or trace organics, as these compounds are present in the µg/L range in the environment. PPCPs may pose a serious threat to aquatic life, having acute and chronic toxicity responses. As a result, there is a need for evolving technologies to detect, identify, and remediate compounds from these micropollutants.

Ocean Currents, Physical Drivers in a Changing World, 2021, Pages 497-520

This book chapter advances SDG 14 by explaining how ocean currents further influence climate via freshwater transports that influence dense water formation at high latitudes. Under a warming climate and an intensifying hydrological cycle, ocean currents convey salinity anomalies that could destabilize the circulation.

The Atlantic Walrus, Multidisciplinary insights into human-animal interactions, 2021, Pages 251-262

This book chapter advances SDGs 13, 14, and 15 by presenting an overview of the current management requirements regarding the hunting of Atlantic walruses. It highlights how management and regulation occur across local, national, regional and international levels and the importance of effective collaboration between hunters, scientists and managers for successful conservation.
This book chapter advances SDG 14 by explaining how biological factors that influence microbial structure and activity in coastal sediments include the various interactions between microorganisms involving trophic interactions such as competition, predation, and parasitism; between microbes and plants as well as the influence of benthic animals in the sediments.
This book chapter advances SDGs 13, 14 and 15 by exploring “passive” mangrove restoration strategies as a preferred restoration in order to provide better opportunities for blue carbon abatement and increase resilience of coasts to rising sea levels and biodiversity loss.
This book chapter addresses goals 12, 14 and 15 by discussing the debate surrounding the role of biodegradable plastics in solving plastic solid waste accumulation and assisting the transition toward a circular economy, in turn encouraging more sustainable communities and responsible consumption.

Galapagos Giant Tortoises, Biodiversity of World: Conservation from Genes to Landscapes, 2021, Pages 503-509

This book chapter advances SDGs 13, 14, and 15 by presenting a framework for prioritizing future conservation efforts. The chapter ends with a vision of Galapagos tortoise populations 200–300 years from now—as they follow a slow, steady path to full recovery.
This book chapter addresses goals 14, 13 and 6 by looking at climate change and the threats to deep sea benthic habitats.