Disaster risk reduction

Disaster Risk Reduction plays a pivotal role in the pursuit of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a set of global objectives established by the United Nations in 2015. These goals aim to end poverty, protect the planet, and ensure prosperity and peace for all by the year 2030. Within this framework, Disaster Risk Reduction, with its focus on mitigating the impacts of natural and man-made hazards, is integral to several of these goals.

Specifically, Sustainable Development Goal 11, which aims to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, includes a target (11.5) dedicated to significantly reducing deaths, the number of people affected, and the direct economic losses resulting from disasters. This target emphasizes the protection of the poor and those in vulnerable situations, who are disproportionately affected by disasters. Implementing effective Disaster Risk Reduction strategies can enhance the resilience of cities and communities against various disasters, including water-related events like floods, tsunamis, and storm surges.

Disaster Risk Reduction's influence extends beyond Sustainable Development Goal 11. It significantly impacts Sustainable Development Goal 1 (No Poverty) and Sustainable Development Goal 2 (Zero Hunger). Disasters often exacerbate poverty by destroying livelihoods and resources. By reducing vulnerability to disasters, Disaster Risk Reduction measures can prevent such setbacks, aiding in the fight against poverty. Similarly, Disaster Risk Reduction is critical for achieving Zero Hunger. Disasters can disrupt food production and distribution, leading to shortages and malnutrition. Resilient agricultural systems, as part of Disaster Risk Reduction strategies, are essential in safeguarding food security.

Sustainable Development Goal 3, which focuses on Good Health and Well-being, is also closely linked to Disaster Risk Reduction. Disasters can have a devastating impact on public health, both directly through injuries and indirectly through the spread of diseases and disruption of healthcare services. Preparing for and mitigating the impacts of disasters is a key component of maintaining and improving public health.

Furthermore, Disaster Risk Reduction plays a key role in achieving Sustainable Development Goals 14 (Life Below Water) and 15 (Life on Land). Disasters can cause significant damage to terrestrial and marine ecosystems. For example, floods and landslides can result in habitat destruction and pollution. Therefore, measures that mitigate the environmental impacts of disasters are crucial for the preservation of biodiversity and ecosystems.

Disaster Risk Reduction is also intertwined with Sustainable Development Goal 13 (Climate Action). Many disasters are exacerbated by climate change, such as the increased intensity and frequency of extreme weather events. Disaster Risk Reduction strategies contribute indirectly to climate change adaptation efforts.

Additionally, Disaster Risk Reduction contributes to Sustainable Development Goal 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure) by promoting resilient infrastructure, and to Sustainable Development Goal 16 (Peace, Justice, and Strong Institutions) by fostering effective, accountable, and inclusive institutions at all levels, which are essential for disaster risk management.

Disaster Risk Reduction is not an isolated concept but is deeply integrated into the broader framework of sustainable development. Its effective implementation is vital for building societies that are resilient to disasters, ensuring progress towards all Sustainable Development Goals. The interconnectedness of Disaster Risk Reduction with multiple goals underscores the necessity of a holistic, multi-sectoral approach to disaster risk management. This approach highlights the importance of collaboration among governments, international organizations, civil society, and the private sector in achieving these objectives.

This Article supports SDGs 3 and 13 by providing assessments and knowledge gaps along Ghana’s coast on the aspects of SLR, subsidence and coastal vulnerability.

Oil Spill Detection, Identification, and Tracing, 2024, Pages 161-178

This chapter advances UN SDG goals 13 and 12 by addressing technologies that advance the detection of spills and protect marine ecology / environments as well as human health.
This study supports SDGs 9 and 15. The permafrost on the Tibetan Plateau has been significantly degraded becuase of global warming. This article assessed the future stability of the Qinghai-Tibet Railway.
This chapter advances UN SDG goals 11, 13, and 9 by examining how cities can transform in the face of climate change and socio-ecological crises to become more sustainable and resilient.
This paper provides 57 site velocity measurements, with interpretation, for the Hatay Triple Junction in the region of the 6 February 2023 M 7.8 Pazarcik earthquake sequence in Southeastern Turkey. Given the significance of this earthquake sequence, and the potential uses for future earthquake predictions, this paper would apply to SDG 15 -Life on land.
This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 10 by developing a practical philosophy that elaborates elements from the Indigenous knowledge system for hybrid epistemologies from which actions can be developed for disaster risk reduction.

Multi-Hazard Vulnerability and Resilience Building: Cross Cutting Issues, 2023, Pages 347-361

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 11 and 10 by contextualizing how the integration of indigenous practice and scientific knowledge of DRR can support development organizations and policymakers in planning effective and practical activities to mitigate and manage disaster risk in indigenous communities. This conceptual article argues that indigenous knowledge can assist in becoming more aware of disaster risks, implementing a successful local disaster management plan, and conducting scientific research and training.

Theriogenology Wild, Volume 2, 2023, 100024

The rescue of wild animals after major environmental disasters is complex and requires an an integrative approach. Conservation scientists describe a successful example that lead to the reproduction of the only pair of Jaguars under reproductive age saved from the devastating Pantanal wildfires that killed over 16.9 million vertebrates in 2018..
This article supports SDG # 3, 11 and 13 showing how even in wealthy countries, climate change is causing an acceleration of extremely costly disasters, and the authors provide a framework for disaster risk reduction that is applicable to climate change.
This article supports SDGs 9, 11, and 17 by illustrating the opportunity for the use of electric powered vehicles as an energy source during natural disaster events.