Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018, Pages 7-12.

Forests are essential to the SDGs and can further multiple SDGs simultaneously. This paper contributes to goal 15 by discussing the importance of integrated, innovative and inclusive governance systems to ensure that efforts to advance the SDGs can better benefit from, and provide support for, forests.
Elsevier,

Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology, 2018, ISSN 1642-3593, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecohyd.2018.02.002.

Picture showing different livelihoods in the wetland studied
Ensuring conservation, restoration and sustainable use of wetlands is a target under goal 15 (life on land). This paper studies the major ecological states and identifies the main ecosystem services (ESs), along with local people's perceptions of wetland management in the Ethiopian wetlands.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, Volume 8, 2017

From waste to wealth using green chemistry: The way to long term stability
This paper provides an overview on societal challenges and opportunities associated with waste valorization strategies, contributing to SDG 12. Moving away from the linear economy model, waste becomes a resource rather than a burden for the society. Focusing on two specific waste streams – namely plastics and food supply chain wastes – it explores a circular economy model. Bearing in mind that waste is a resource, initiatives all over the world should not only target minimizing or totally stopping land-filling but also reducing existing land-fills through landfill mining. In accordance with SDG 17, Clark suggests a three-way partnership between industry, government and the public – where each actor plays a specific role in promoting new technologies, developing supportive regulations and embracing a new consumption attitude towards waste.
Elsevier,

Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, Volume 75, August 2017, Pages 393–401

This article discusses how the SDGs can be used to motivate investments in Renewable Energy (RE) in Africa. Using the SDGs as a benchmark for inclusive and sustainable growth the synergy effects provided by RE are identified and an analysis of possible leverage points, available instruments and involved actors shows that there remains a large additional potential. The authors argue that expansion of Renewable Energy supports the fulfillment of at least 10 of the 17 SDGs.
Elsevier,

World Development, Volume 96, August 2017, Pages 359-374

This article reviews the evidence and outcomes of Payments for Ecosystem Services (PES) Schemes in achieving environmental objectives and socio-economic co-benefits in varying contexts. These schemes, which offer incentives to land users to protect or enhance environmental or ecological services, are subject to refreshed analysis in this article. SDG 15 targets A and B are specifically concerned with financial incentives for environmental protection and conservation.
Elsevier,

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volumes 26–27, June 2017, Pages 77-83

Spatial distribution of deforestation observed in 1988–2004 and 2005–2014, including the main territorial units (agrarian settlements) created prior to 2004 and subsequently, along with key transportation infrastructure (paved roads and ports).
In the Brazilian Amazon, environmental considerations have not been adequately incorporated into long-term land use planning and this failure has partly been due to the complexities of the country’s existing inter-sectorial institutional arrangements. The authors point out the major challenges for the balance between of use of natural resources under a capital-driven agenda and the needs and aspirations of large and widely distributed populations throughout the Amazon region, which could have an important role in sustainability. This article demonstrates the multidiscilpinary nature of the SDGs by exploring the interconnectedness of economic development and environmental concerns.
Land Degradation (LD) in socio-environmental systems negatively impacts sustainable development paths. This paper provides an in-depth investigation of changes in biophysical and socioeconomic conditions of agricultural districts over time with the objective to assess local-scale spatial diversification in the degree of land susceptibility to degradation, taken as a proxy of desertification risk, related to SDG 15 (life on land).
Elsevier,

Sustainable Cities and Society, Volume 31, 2017, Pages 12-25

Urbanization is transforming human society in many ways. Besides all the obvious benefits, it also brings negative impacts such as the well-documented urban heat island (UHI) effect and the magnified human heat stress. One way to reduce human heat stress is to increase vegetation density in urban areas, because they can provide evatranspiration and shading benefits. This study investigated the impact of various trees on urban micrometeorological conditions in both open space and high density settings, and how they regulate outdoor thermal comfort contributing to SDGs 11 and 15. This study suggests that urban trees should be planted strategically to improve human thermal comfort as an integral part of all modern urban developments.
Using newly-released and globally available high-resolution remote sensing data on forest loss, the authors update the assessment of the cross-country determinants of deforestation in developing countries. Agricultural trade, relatively neglected to date, is found to be one of the main factors causing deforestation. Insights into the relationship between the levels of forestation and trade are vital for understanding how to address SDG 15.2 to promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests.
Reducing large-scale deforestation in commodity frontiers remains a key challenge for climate change mitigation and the conservation of biodiversity. Public and private anti-deforestation policies have been shown to effectively reduce forest loss, but the conditions under which such policies get adopted are rarely examined. This paper proposes a set of conditions for the adoption of effective anti-deforestation policies. Such conditions will help to advance SDG 15.2 to promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests and halt deforestation.

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