In 2014, the authors of this Comment published a call to action in The Lancet to eliminate violence against women, a goal that has since been included in global policy under the SDG 5 of increasing women’s empowerment and gender equality. Here, the same authors ask what progress has since been made, highlighting the WHO’s Global Plan of Action to strengthen health systems’ response to interpersonal violence. Increased political engagement will be necessary to sustain encouraging trends of decreasing violence and to achieve the SDG 5 target during an era when women’s rights remain at risk.
Hepatocellular carcinoma is a leading cause of cancer-related death in Africa, yet its epidemiology is not well described throughout African countries. This study reports the clinical characteristics and survival of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma in African countries. As a part of SDG 3, this study also describes the state of hepatocellular carcinoma management across African countries, which could inform health policymaking for reducing the burden of non-communicable diseases.
China’s successful health efforts have resulted in achieving the Millennium Development Goal 4 – to reduce under-5 mortality rates by two-thirds between 1990 and 2015. This article examines the trends in the under-5 mortality rates, and the specific causes of mortality within regions of China. Policy addressing the SDG 3.2 goal of reducing child mortality, should focus on addressing the disparities between regions, as well as the prevention of the greatest causes of child mortality.
Directly contributing to SDG 3 (good health and well-being), this research explores the role in which antimicrobial peptides play in providing versatile, highly specific antimicrobial compounds in the face of growing antibiotic resistance.
Relating to SDGs 3 (good health and well-being) and 17 (partnerships for the goals), this discussion piece outlines collaborative antibiotic stewardship projects across five countries. Collaboration through research, education and outreach programmes to support resource-limited countries can reduce the global threat of antibiotic resistance.
Elsevier,

Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Volume 30, Issue 1, February 2017, Pages 23-28.

Contributing to SDGs 3 (Good Health and Well-being), 4 (Quality Education), 5 (Gender Equality) and 9 (Industry, innovation and Infrastructure), this Elsevier Atlas Award winning research develops a smartphone application designed to teach sexual health education to adolescent girls.
In this article a new mathematical model incorporating both vaccination and quarantine to study the dynamics of Ebola epidemic has been developed and comprehensively analyzed. The existence as well as uniqueness of the solution to the model is also verified and the basic reproduction number is calculated. Different rates of vaccination to predict the effect of vaccination on the infected individual over time and that of quarantine are discussed. The results show that quarantine and vaccination are very effective ways to control Ebola epidemic, supporting SDG 3.
The authors propose a new prediction model of infectious disease with new vaccination strategy based on network structures and dynamic replicator. They consider the subsidies of vaccine failure and the incentive strategy for medical treatment to promote that individuals take the initiative to vaccinate. Vaccination is key to the advancement of several of the targets of SDG 3.
Thirty years of public health research have demonstrated that improved indoor environmental quality is associated with better health outcomes. Recent research has demonstrated an impact of the indoor environment on cognitive function. In high-performing buildings additional benefits to health and productivity may be obtained through green certification. This relates to SDGs 3, 9 and 11.
This paper is about the importance educating midwives on malaria. Malaria complicates 80% of pregnancies in Uganda, therefore equipping midwives with the necessary information to deliver malaria-related in-service education to pregnant women could reduce infant and maternal mortality in Uganda. This relates to SDG 3 and in-particular the targets 3.1 concerned with maternal mortality and 3.3 concerned with ending the epidemic of malaria.

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