The Lancet Public Health, November 2016
Polluted air was responsible in 2015 for 6·4 million deaths worldwide. Can walking or cycling in polluted cities negate the health benefits of exercise by increasing exposure to airborne pollutants? This systematic review in The Lancet Public Health by Magda Cepeda and colleagues provides a clear answer to this question: it compares exposure to carbon monoxide, black carbon, nitrogen dioxide, and fine and coarse particles between commuters using active and motorised transport. The study provides important insights to support target SDG 3.9 to substantially reduce the number of deaths and illnesses from hazardous chemicals and air.
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, November 2016
Ending preventable deaths of children under 5 is a target of SDG 3. This article recognises that pneumonia deaths among children younger than 5 years old have declined between 2000 and 2015. Vaccine and antibiotic use have spurred this mortality reduction but maximum benefits will only be achieved with new interventions working synergistically with established approaches.
Futures, Available online 19 October 2016
Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) is vital for advancing the SDGs. This paper looks at transformative learning that prepares students for societal change. The discussion is grounded both in theories about hope from disparate scientific disciplines and in empirical research about young people’s hope concerning global climate change. These insights particularly inform SDG 4.7 to ensure that all learners acquire the knowledge and skills needed to promote sustainable development, as well as SDGs 3, 11 and 13.
Mental ill health is the third biggest cause of absence in the workplace. The mental health equivalent of a physical first-aid course provides participants with the skills and confidence to recognise the signs and symptoms of common mental health issues and effectively guide a person towards the right support. By adpating this course, more efforts can be made to meet SDG 3.4 by utilising preventive methods and treatment to promote mental health and well-being.
6 october 2016
This case study looks at the impact of stress on a part-time worker with celebral palsy, and its effect on their well-being. The study shows how using a proactive approach, including the use of HSE stress management standards, can help to avoid negative outcomes for the employee. Stress management in the workplace contributes to the advancement of SDG 3.4 to prevent and treat mental health issues and promote well-being.
PTSD Resolution has launched a training programme for managers with employees who are suffering from PTSD. The programme was initially set up in response to demand from employers of former soldiers. Programmes to tackle PTS contribute to advancing SDG 3.4 to prevent and treat mental health issues and promote well-being
The Lancet, October 2016
This commentary shows how the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 provides a detailed snapshot of the state of global health and an analytic approach to tracking this dynamic picture. It says that as the international community embarks on the transition from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), GBD 2015 is a critical part of the toolkit for measuring progress and—critically—holding governments to account.
Elsevier Connect, October 2016
"The Elsevier Foundation is partnering with Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and their training and research partner, Epicentre, to support the Niger Research Center. By building the Center's capacity and supporting African-driven research this project directly supports SDG 3, with a focus on target 3B. At the heart of this project is the development of a new vaccine to fight rotavirus."
This article reports the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD) assessment of mortality and causes of death, which provides new and robust evidence on the patterns and levels of mortality worldwide, expanding on previous analyses by further investigating the main determinants of epidemiological patterns and trends across geographies and over time. The comparison of estimates of observed mortality levels with patterns expected based on socio-demographic indices provides an in-depth understanding of national health challenges and priority areas for intervention, including in addressing the targets in support of good health and wellbeing.
This articles addresses SDG 3 by showing that non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. This article estimates the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015.