Health and wellbeing

Health and well-being have a central role in the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) endorsed by the United Nations, emphasizing the integral part they play in building a sustainable future. The third SDG explicitly calls for ensuring healthy lives and promoting well-being for all at all ages. This goal encompasses a wide range of health objectives, from reducing maternal and child mortality rates, combatting disease epidemics, to improving mental health and well-being. But beyond SDG 3, health is intrinsically linked with almost all the other goals.

When addressing SDG 1, which aims to end poverty, one cannot neglect the social determinants of health. Economic hardship often translates into poor nutrition, inadequate housing, and limited access to health care, leading to a vicious cycle of poverty and poor health. Similarly, achieving SDG 2, ending hunger, also contributes to better health through adequate nutrition, essential for physical and mental development and the prevention of various diseases.

Conversely, the repercussions of climate change, encapsulated in SDG 13, profoundly impact health. Rising global temperatures can lead to increased spread of infectious diseases, compromised food and water supplies, and increased frequency and intensity of extreme weather events, all posing severe health risks. Conversely, the promotion of good health can also mitigate climate change through the reduction of carbon-intensive lifestyles and adoption of healthier, more sustainable behaviors.

SDG 5, advocating for gender equality, also has substantial health implications. Ensuring women's access to sexual and reproductive health services not only improves their health outcomes, but also contributes to societal and economic development. Furthermore, achieving SDG 4, quality education, is also critical for health promotion. Education fosters health literacy, empowering individuals to make informed health decisions, hence improving overall community health.

Lastly, SDG 17 underlines the importance of partnerships for achieving these goals. Multi-sector collaboration is vital to integrate health considerations into all policies and practices. Stakeholders from various sectors, including health, education, agriculture, finance, and urban planning, need to align their efforts in creating sustainable environments that foster health and well-being.

Hence, the relationship between health, well-being, and the SDGs is reciprocal. Improving health and well-being helps in achieving sustainable development, and vice versa. In this context, health and well-being are not just outcomes but are also powerful enablers of sustainable development. For the world to truly thrive, it must recognize and act upon these interconnections.

Elsevier,

Manson's Tropical Diseases (Twentyfourth Edition)
2024, Pages 101-109

This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing as well as Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by providing information about access to evidence-based treatment and prevention interventions as well as addressing the underlying social, political and economic issues, such as poverty, lack of access to healthcare, and stigma and discrimination that contribute to the high burden of HIV in the region
Elsevier,

Manson's Tropical Diseases (Twentyfourth Edition)
2024, Pages 139-151

This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing by presenting the current evidence for HIV/AIDS prevention.
Elsevier,

Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Available online 12 October 2023, 103600

This article ties with climate action and reproductive medicine, as it is a reflexion on healthcare carbon footprint especially the IVF laboratories.
This Article supports SDG 3 by showing, through a modelling analysis, that community tenofovir, lamivudine, and dolutegravir (TLD) is likely to reduce HIV incidence and be cost-effective, thus leading to population health benefits.
World Mental Health Day is celebrated on 10 October 2023. This year's theme is "Mental health is a universal human right". Elsevier is proud to share this freely accessible special collection of journal articles and book chapters in recognition of this important cause.
This Article supports SDG 3 by showing that interventions and strategies to reduce mortality from HIV-related CNS infection in public hospitals within routine care services can substantially reduce all-cause 2-week mortality among people living with HIV presenting to public hospitals with suspected HIV-related CNS infection.

World Patient Safety Day 2024

Patient safety stands at the forefront of quality healthcare, emphasizing the importance of avoiding harm to patients during care. The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes the critical nature of patient safety and observes World Patient Safety Day every year. This day serves as a global platform to discuss, strategize, and drive initiatives that place patient safety at the core of healthcare systems worldwide.

Significance of Patient Safety

Safe patient care is paramount for various reasons:

Elsevier,

The Lancet Psychiatry, Volume 10, October 2023

This commentary describes the contributions people from minority groups with mental illness can make to mental health research.
This Article supports SDG 3 by analysing 40 studies from Latin America to find a lifetime prevalence of depressive disorder in this region of 12.6%, and a current prevalence of 3.1%. The authors note that after adjusting for income and using the same inclusion criteria and assessment methods, these estimates may be higher than global estimates provided by previous systematic reviews; however, more mental health research is needed in the region to generate more definitive conclusions.
This study estimates the prevalence and trends of undernutrition in all countries of SEAR using national level data. This is the first study to study indicators of malnutrition at the regional level and estimating the effect of current food policies on future health of children.

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