Biodiversity and ecosystems

Anthropogenic activity is a major driver of seabird injury and mortality in the 21st century. In the current study we aimed to monitor glucocorticoid metabolites (ufGCM) concentrations, as a marker of physiological stress, in injured, emaciated (starvation/illness) and oiled African penguins through the stages of rehabilitation at a rescue centre in South Africa.
Despite the importance of tropical forest conservation in achieving global sustainability goals and the key role of forest-risk commodity trade in driving deforestation, consumer country policy options for reducing imported deforestation have received limited scholarly attention. Drawing on gray literature and a European Commission public consultation, we identify 86 policy options for the European Union to address deforestation.
This paper investigates the relationship between institutional freedom and environmental resources from the perspective of forest carbon sinks, which is different from previous studies. This paper examines the shape of the relationship between forest carbon sinks and economic development.

Introduction to Forestry and Natural Resources, Second Edition, 2022.

This preface advances SDG 15 by providing an overview of the breadth and depth of this second edition, and the key insights it contains.
This book chapter advances SDG 15 by demonstrating the concept of designing mixed species native plantings (a type of semi-natural habitat) based on plant-insect interactions to increase abundance and diversity of non-bee and bee crop pollinators in an intensively managed agricultural landscape.
This book chapter advances SDG 15 by exploring how agriculture functions as a complex adaptive system. It assesses how recent changes have interacted with agro-ecosystem features to result in a loss of resilience, and suggests key research directions to help harmonize production and ecosystem function, drawing primarily on Canadian examples.
This book chapter advances SDGs 13, 14 and 15 by exploring “passive” mangrove restoration strategies as a preferred restoration in order to provide better opportunities for blue carbon abatement and increase resilience of coasts to rising sea levels and biodiversity loss.
The upcoming Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) meeting, and adoption of the new Global Biodiversity Framework, represent an opportunity to transform humanity's relationship with nature. Restoring nature while meeting human needs requires a bold vision, including mainstreaming biodiversity conservation in society. We present a framework that could support this: the Mitigation and Conservation Hierarchy.

Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology, Volume 519, 1 January 2021

Due to changing climate, birds experience new challenges for thermoregulation. The endocrine mechanisms that regulate mitochondrial function and plasticity of thermoregulation need to be unveiled. Plasticity may ameliorate climate change effects on thermoregulation to some extent.

Maintaining or restoring connectivity among wildlife populations is a primary strategy to overcome the negative impacts of habitat fragmentation. Yet, current connectivity planning efforts typically assess landscape resistance, the ability of organisms to cross various biophysical elements in a landscape, while overlooking the various ways in which human behaviors influence connectivity. Here, we introduce the concept of “anthropogenic resistance” to capture the impacts of human behaviors on species' movement through a landscape.