Biodiversity and ecosystems

Advancing SDG 15, this article evaluates the effect of natural and anthropogenic sites of Hyrcanian region on soil functions following 32 years of land cover changes.

World Environment Day is the most renowned day for environmental action. Since 1974, it has been celebrated every year on June 5th, engaging governments, businesses, celebrities and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue. In 2020, the theme is biodiversity, a concern that is both urgent and existential. Recent events, from bushfires in Brazil, the United States and Australia, to locust infestations across East Africa – and now, a global disease pandemic – demonstrate the interdependence of humans and the webs of life in which they exist.

This journal article addresses goals 14 and 15 by discussing how the terrestrial world is experiencing high rates of land conversion despite growth of the global protected area network.
Although more attention on the roles of trees in climate mitigation is a good thing, history and science caution that the impacts of tree-related interventions depend on a host of social, political, and ecological factors. These factors are raising concerns that some of the new private-sector support for trees could be misdirected to activities that are suboptimal or even counterproductive to stated goals.


One Earth, Volume 2, Issue 5, 2020, Pages 387-389

Here we ask researchers about the potential role of trees in mitigating and adapting to global change, as well as doing so in a way that does not compromise other Sustainable Development Goals.


One Earth, Volume 2, Issue 5, 2020, Pages 398-401

It is clear is that much of the world’s kelp forests have declined, creating broad concerns about the ramifications of this destruction both in terms of additional emissions and in terms of loss of valuable services. Kelp forests are important and vulnerable ecosystems that are changing rapidly, but they exist out of sight for many people and are rarely considered in global strategies to combat biodiversity loss and increase carbon sinks.
The SDG Impact of COVID-19 podcast series gathers expert opinion exploring the impact of COVID-19 on the Sustainable Development Goals. In advance of World Environment Day on June 5th, we get the view of Dr Sam Scheiner, Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Biodiversity.
This Perspective provides the global conservation science community, NGOs, government officials, and rehabilitation practitioners with an overview of the latest scientific advances in the assimilation, coverage, and availability of global datasets of mangrove extent, environments, ecosystem services, and threats and the potential application of these new datasets and maps for future mangrove conservation and rehabilitation efforts.

Biological Conservation, Volume 245, May 2020, 108580

This article addresses goals 13, 14 and 15 by investigating the extent to which respondents' moral communities align with four worldviews discussed in the environmental ethics literature: anthropocentrism, zoocentrism, biocentrism, and ecocentrism.

Biological Conservation, Volume 245, May 2020, 108580

This journal article addresses goals 13, 14 and 15 by discussing how refuges and refugia are important to conservation management because of their potential to protect species from difficult-to-manage threats such as changing climate, extreme events (e.g., drought, fire) and biotic threats (e.g., disease, invasive species).