Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture

Food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture constitute fundamental elements that contribute significantly to the attainment of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals are a globally shared blueprint that calls for peace and prosperity for all people and the planet. Focusing on food security and nutrition is directly linked to SDG 2 which seeks to "End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture." Beyond SDG 2, these themes also relate to other SDGs such as Goal 3 - Good Health and Well-being, Goal 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production, and Goal 13 - Climate Action. The relationship between sustainable agriculture and these goals is profound; by promoting eco-friendly farming methods, we reduce the environmental footprint, mitigate climate change, and ensure the long-term sustainability of food production systems.

Moreover, sustainable agriculture is vital in fostering biodiversity, improving soil health, and enhancing water use efficiency, which are critical aspects related to Goals 14 and 15 - Life below Water and Life on Land respectively. By safeguarding our ecosystems, we not only ensure food security but also the preservation of the natural environment for future generations. In turn, better nutrition is a conduit to improved health (SDG 3), and it can also influence educational outcomes (SDG 4), given the known links between nutrition and cognitive development.

Furthermore, it is worth noting that the interconnections go beyond these goals. There's an important nexus between sustainable agriculture, food security and issues of poverty (SDG 1), gender equality (SDG 5), clean water and sanitation (SDG 6), and economic growth (SDG 8), among others. Sustainable agriculture creates job opportunities, thus reducing poverty levels. By empowering women in agriculture, we can help achieve gender equality. Proper water and sanitation practices in agriculture can prevent contamination, ensuring clean water and sanitation for all. Therefore, the triad of food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture, while being a significant goal in itself, is also a vehicle that drives the achievement of the wider Sustainable Development Goals.


Present Knowledge in Food Safety: A Risk-Based Approach through the Food Chain, Volume 1, 1 January 2022

This chapter aligns with Goal 3: Good health and well-being by providing an overview of the food safety hazards related to microplastic pollution in food and agricultural systems.
Fig. 2. The indicator- and domain-wise contributions to disempowerment in agency, by sex and FAARM intervention group.
This Study supports SDG 5 and 3 by examining the role of improved women's agency on the pathway from the intervention to nutritional impacts.
This study assesed how participation in an NSA (Nutrition-Sensitive Agriculture) intervention affected mothers' time allocation to child care. The observation of women-child pairs participating in the intervention and control arms of the NL (Nutrition Links) project did not reveal any differentials in the mothers’ time for care. In summary, this study found that participating in an NSA intervention was not associated with mothers' time for child care or any care received by the child. However, the odds of care provided by another person was associated with being part of the NL-I (Nutrition Links Intervention) group.
Future sustainable food systems should more efficiently use natural resources and reduce food waste. Upcycled food – foods elevated in value through ingredients otherwise wasted or previously thought inedible – constitutes a new approach contributing to this much needed transition. Successful market launches of such foods requires favourable consumer perception of these products, knowing the factors determining acceptance, and an adequate communicational framing of the new concept.

Josiah O. Kuja, Anne W.T. Muigai, Jun Uetake, Chapter 8 - Metagenomics: A resilience approach to climate change and conservation of the African Glacier biodiversity, Editor(s): Catalina Lopez-Correa, Adriana Suarez-Gonzalez, In Translational and Applied Genomics, Genomics and the Global Bioeconomy, Academic Press, 2023, Pages 153-173, ISBN 9780323916011

This content aligns with Goal 15: Life on Land and Goal 2: Zero Hunger by investigating how new genomic applications can leverage agricultural production and how the utilization of bioresources like cold-active enzymes and freeze-resistant proteins from glaciers may help develop more drought-resilient plants.
Edible macroalgae (i.e., ‘seaweeds’) are a nutritious and sustainable alternative to animal-based proteins. However, consumption of seaweeds in Western countries remains low, and little is known about individual drivers of acceptance. The aim of this study was to further explore the consumer acceptability of seaweed-based food products in the UK. In an online study (N = 476), participants were presented with a general description of edible seaweeds, and descriptions of seaweed-based food products (e.g., ‘seaweed burger’).

Biodegradability of Conventional Plastics: Opportunities, Challenges, and Misconceptions, Volume 1, 1 January 2022

This chapter aligns with Goal 3: Good health and well-being and Goal 15: Life on land by discussing the issues and consequences of agricultural plastic waste and the product safety associated with aesthetic pollution.
This study demonstrates the importance of community-based approaches to understand how much MIYCN (Maternal, Infant, and Young Child Nutrition) training and counseling are intertwined, indicating the need for interventions to address both using a multipronged approach that addresses barriers across all levels of the socioecological model, taking the local context into account.
Orphan crops are crops hold little significance at the global scale but play vital role in the food and nutrition security in the developing world.
The anticipated effects of climate change on microbial food safety are both direct (e.g., on microbial prevalence) and indirect (e.g., increased risk of floods on water microbial contamination). This paper highlights the necessity to build a quantitative framework to evaluate the effects of climate change on microbial food safety.