Health and population

Health and population dynamics are intertwined, embodying an intricate relationship with significant implications on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Health is fundamentally at the center of these 17 global goals, aimed to transform the world by 2030. Specifically, Goal 3 endeavors to "Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages." It acknowledges that health is pivotal to human life quality, social cohesion, and sustainable development. Inextricably linked to this are the complexities of population dynamics, including growth rates, age structure, fertility and mortality rates, and migration patterns.

With the world's population projected to exceed 9.7 billion by 2050, the pressure on health systems will undoubtedly escalate. The demographic transition, with an aging population and an increasing prevalence of non-communicable diseases, poses new challenges for health systems globally. Additionally, areas with high fertility rates often overlap with extreme poverty, resulting in heightened health risks, including higher maternal and child mortality rates, malnutrition, and infectious diseases.

Moreover, rapid urbanization and migration present both opportunities and threats to health. While urban areas may provide better access to healthcare, they also harbor risks of disease transmission, air and water pollution, and social determinants of health like inadequate housing and social inequality. Simultaneously, migrants often face disproportionate health risks due to unstable living conditions, exploitation, and limited access to healthcare services.

Achieving the SDGs will necessitate comprehensive approaches that consider the intricate interplay of health and population dynamics. It means strengthening health systems, promoting universal health coverage, and addressing social determinants of health. It also implies crafting policies that recognize demographic realities and foster an environment conducive to sustainable development. Only by understanding and harnessing these dynamics can the world meaningfully progress towards realizing the SDGs, ensuring healthy lives and well-being for all.

This Article supports SDGs 3 and 10 by showing, across a range of indicators, that in the north of England, primary health care delivered in prisons is generally worse than that delivered in the community. There have been some areas of improvement and some areas of worsening, but overall there is substantial scope for improvement.
This Personal View supports SDGs 3 and 10 by reviewing a pilot project aimed at increasing quity of access to urban green spaces and tree coverage and thereby improving community health.
Elsevier,

A Progressive Approach to Applied Behavior Analysis
The Autism Partnership Method
2024, Pages 103-113

This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing and Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by discussing the application of cognitive behavior therapy, an evidence-based psychological approach in adolescents suffering from Asperger syndrome with comorbid depressive disorder.
Elsevier,

A Progressive Approach to Applied Behavior Analysis
The Autism Partnership Method
2024, Pages 17-27

This content aligns with Goal 3: Good Health and Wellbeing and Goal 10: Reduced Inequalities by discussing the Autism Partnership Method which is a successful method in working with patients diagnosed with autism.
This Article supports SDG 3 by estimating the burden of osteoarthritis, a major cause of adult disability. The study found that osteoarthritis is the seventh leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide among people older than 70 years. Years lived with disability attributable to osteoarthritis are likely to continue to rise, posing a large challenge to health systems, and necessitating increased focus on preventive and treatment measures.
This study supports SDG 3 by examining the incidence of stroke among people with disabilities, a group who are more likely to have risk factors for stroke. The incidence was found to be almost 2.5 times higher than in non-disabled people, and occuring 20 years earlier. Public health measures are urgently needed to address this problem.
This Article supports SDG 3 by examining the possible effects of hypertension prevention strategies on future dementia and disability occurence. The results suggest that the decrease in dementia and disability due to these interventions is likely to be offset by an increase in the susceptible poulation due to the increase in life expectancy.
The study shows the findings about the vendors with a satisfactory knowledge of food hygiene and safety.
The study evaluates the microbial quality of lettuce irrigated with wastewater from the Onyasia River.
This Comment article supports SDG 3, 6, and 16 by highlighting the structural and commercial determinants of water crises and their effects on health, and calls for international cooperation and solidarity to address power asymmetry, inequalities, and unaffordable access to water, putting human rights at the core of the water agenda.

Pages