Decontamination plays a crucial role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly those related to health, well-being, and sustainable cities and communities. As a process aimed at removing or neutralizing contaminants that could pose risks to health and the environment, decontamination intersects with several SDGs by ensuring safer living conditions, promoting public health, and facilitating the remediation of polluted environments. For instance, SDG 3, which focuses on good health and well-being, is directly supported by decontamination efforts that remove biological, chemical, and radiological hazards from water, air, and soil, thereby reducing disease transmission and exposure to harmful substances. Similarly, SDG 11, which aims to make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, benefits from decontamination practices that help manage waste and pollutants, thus contributing to cleaner, healthier urban environments.

The relationship between decontamination and the SDGs extends beyond health and urban sustainability to encompass aspects of responsible consumption and production (SDG 12) and life below water (SDG 14). By mitigating the impact of hazardous substances and waste, decontamination contributes to more sustainable production patterns and helps protect marine environments from pollution. This, in turn, supports the conservation and sustainable use of ocean and marine resources, highlighting the interconnectedness of decontamination efforts with global sustainability objectives. Moreover, effective decontamination and waste management practices are essential for achieving SDG 6, which emphasizes the availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all. Removing contaminants from water sources not only ensures access to clean and safe water but also prevents the degradation of ecosystems, thereby promoting biodiversity and supporting the health of the planet.

Furthermore, the integration of decontamination strategies within the broader framework of the SDGs underscores the importance of innovation, infrastructure (SDG 9), and partnerships (SDG 17) in addressing environmental challenges. Innovative decontamination technologies and methods can enhance efficiency and effectiveness in removing pollutants, thereby contributing to the resilience of infrastructure and the sustainable management of natural resources. Collaboration among governments, industries, and communities is vital in scaling up decontamination efforts and ensuring that they are aligned with the SDGs. Through such partnerships, it is possible to mobilize resources, share knowledge, and implement integrated approaches that address the root causes of pollution and contamination. In this way, decontamination not only serves as a critical tool for environmental remediation but also as a catalyst for achieving the broader objectives of the SDGs, fostering a more sustainable, equitable, and healthy future for all.

This model aims to lower the microbial risk of agricultural water which could have important impacts on reducing foodbirne illness.

Food and Bioproducts Processing, Volume 135, September 2022

The roadmapping exercise looking at the quantitative modelling of cleaning and decontamination held in 2021 identified a number of factors as common to cleaning and decontamination across many sectors. Tackling new challenges such as the food-water-energy nexus and the wider sustainability agenda means that Sinner’s circle, often used to frame discussions of cleaning in the food sector, needs an upgrade.
This chapter aligns with Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation and Goal 3: Good health and well-being by arguing that SW resources, aquatic ecosystems, and unsuccessfully treated wastewater on water courses must be effectively treated to prevent hostile health risks that have long-term as well as short-term effects on human health.
This chapter aligns with Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation, Goal 3: Good health and well-being, and Goal 14: Life below water by summarizing different types of wastewater, its effects on freshwater ecosystem, and remedies to reduce the effect of these effluents on freshwater ecosystem and indirectly on humans.

Nanomaterials Applications for Environmental Matrices, 2019, Pages 151-185

This book chapter advances SDG 6 and 14 by reviewing the advances in research for nanomaterials for water disinfection to help with water security and combat pollution.

Radioactivity in the Environment (Second Edition), 2019, Pages 635-656

This book chapter addresses goal 3 by discussing the decontamination measures needed after radiation exposure and the protection of first responders and the general public.