This paper summarizes key learnings on effective intervention design, and discusses relevant policy and programmatic implications (as organized according to the Nuffield ladder). The paper concludes with a call for greater urgency in addressing influencers of children’s diets and the need for a cross-sectoral approach to policy design.
Optimal dietary intake is essential for children’s growth and long-term health. This paper provides an overview of existing dietary recommendations, and concludes that nutritious and sustainable food systems must be a global priority when identifying strategies to optimize children’s nutrition.
Elsevier,

Global Food Security,
Volume 27,
2020,
100435,
ISSN 2211-9124,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100435.

Current narratives underestimate the potential and dietary needs of children and adolescents. This overview for the special issue outlines why food systems transformations need to work for and with children and adolescents.
Elsevier,

 

Global Food Security,
Volume 27,
2020,
100419,
ISSN 2211-9124,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100419.

This paper describes how age-specific characteristics influence how children and adolescents engage with their food system. Special attention is needed to protect children’s and adolescents’ abilities to secure diets that are desirable, nutritious, safe, affordable, and sustainable.
Elsevier,

Global Food Security,
Volume 27,
2020,
100442,
ISSN 2211-9124,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100442.

This paper provides an overview of children and adolescents’ diet. Food systems need to be redesigned to improve diet quality in children 0-19 years in order to address the multiple burdens of malnutrition. Data systems also need to be strengthened to track data quality among children. This article advances knowledge on SDG 2 and 3.
Elsevier,

 

Global Food Security,
Volume 27,
2020,
100436,
ISSN 2211-9124,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100436.

This paper introduces the Innocenti framework. This framework conceptualizes the dynamic linkages between the elements of the food system, and highlights the importance of comprehensively looking at the different determinants, influences, and drivers that shape food systems for children and adolescents.
Elsevier,

Global Food Security,
Volume 27,
2020,
100414,
ISSN 2211-9124,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100414

A child-centred food system makes healthy diets available, affordable, appealing and aspirational. To achieve this a package of actions is needed to coherently reorient food systems towards healthy diets for children; this paper presents a 6-step assessment to identify and prioritize these actions.
Elsevier,

Global Food Security,
Volume 27,
2020,
100403,
ISSN 2211-9124,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100403.

This scoping review examines the influence of external and internal food environment interventions on the diets of children and adolescents. Several interventions in school and community settings, including social protection interventions to adjust affordability, show promising results for improving diets.
Elsevier,

Global Food Security,
Volume 27,
2020,
100413,
ISSN 2211-9124,
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2020.100413.

This paper focuses on food behaviours of caregivers, children, and adolescents using a case study approach. There are numerous facilitators and barriers to uptake interventions aimed at improving dietary behaviours of children and adolescents.
Elsevier,

 

EClinicalMedicine,
Volumes 29–30,
2020,
100630,
ISSN 2589-5370

This journal article advances SDG 3 and 10 by explaining a systematic review and meta-analysis exploring the relationship between ethnicity and clinical outcomes in COVID-19 and finds Individuals of Black and Asian ethnicity are at increased risk of COVID-19 infection compared to White individuals. Asians may be at a higher risk of ITU admission and death.

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