Food insufficiency is an important, modifiable risk factor for depression. The authors investigate this association using longitudinal data from South Africa. Food insufficiency has a strong association with depressive symptoms. This paper addresses Goal 2 and Goal 3
New born baby being resuscitated
Every year, an estimated 1.8 million newborns die from breathing related problems. Precious time is lost when birth attendants interrupt critical ventilation to check a newborn’s heart rate by hand. Elsevier brought together five experts from diverse fields, who used their skills and creativity to brainstorm a solution. It's one example of a successful multidisciplinary approach, in this case to help the advancement of SDG 3.2, to end preventable deaths of newborns and children under 5 years of age.
Between 1990 and 2015, 29 of 33 provinces in China achieved a decrease in under-5 mortality rates twice as fast as the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target. In this article, authors declare that the reduction of under-5 mortality in China at the country, provincial, and county level has been “an extraordinary success story”. China should now build on this achievement and look to study and replicate success in other developing countries to meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) target of lowering under-5 mortality to 25 per 1000 livebirths by 2030 throughout the country.
China has experienced a remarkable epidemiological and demographic transition during the past three decades. This article importantly advances SDG 3. It offers the first ever systematic analysis of provincial level burden of disease in China. It includes an assessment of and trends in all-cause mortality, causes of death, and years of life lost (YLL) in all 33 provinces between 1990 and 2013. Understanding subnational trends will be crucial in tackling the diverse health challenges faced by provincial governments and to ensure healthy lives and wellbeing for all Chinese at all ages.
Millennium Development Goal 5 called for a 75% reduction in the maternal mortality ratio between 1990 and 2015. This article estimates the levels and trends in maternal mortality for 183 countries to assess the progress made on this goal, and also constructs projections to show what is needed to meet the Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) of less than 70 maternal deaths per 100 000 livebirths globally by 2030. Although the SDG target is ambitious, countries that made a concerted effort to reduce maternal mortality between 2000 and 2010 should provide inspiration and guidance.

Physics Reports, Volume 664, Pages 1-113, 9 December 2016

Historically, infectious diseases caused considerable damage to human societies, and they continue to do so today. To help reduce their impact, mathematical models of disease transmission have been studied to help understand disease dynamics and inform prevention strategies. Vaccination–one of the most important preventive measures of modern times–is of great interest both theoretically and empirically. Recent research increasingly explores the pivotal implications of individual behaviour and heterogeneous contact patterns in populations. The success of SDG 3 relies to a large extent on vaccination programmes.

Sustainable Cities and Society, Volume 19, December 2015, Pages 200-206

The growth in the world's population has both created and increased the size of existing mega cities. The raised temperatures of these cities, known as urban heat islands, contribute to increased pollution and health-related problems. SDG 11 aims to target urban populations - making their lives healthier and cities more sustainable. The studies of mitigation strategies in this article reveal areas of weakness in modeling designs and prediction stages to advance knowledge on SDG 11 and SDG 3.
This critical review aims to integrate the literature on stigma towards transgender people in the US, contributing to SDG 10 (reduced inequalities). Such stigmas limit transgender access to resources in a number of critical domains including healthcare and employment, impacting SDG 3 (good health and well-being) and SDG 8 (decent work and economic growth).
Human health is better now than at any time in history, but these gains have come at a high price: the degradation of nature’s ecological systems on a scale never seen in human history. A growing body of evidence shows that the health of humanity is intrinsically linked to the health of the environment, but by its actions humanity now threatens to destabilise the Earth’s key life-support systems. As a Commission, we conclude that the continuing degradation of natural systems threatens to reverse the health gains seen over the last century. The SDGs provide a great opportunity to integrate health and sustainability through the judicious selection of relevant indicators relevant to human wellbeing, the enabling infrastructure for development, and the supporting natural systems, together with the need for strong governance.
This paper contributes to the literature on Indigenous health, human dimensions of climate change, and place-based dimensions of health by examining the role of environment for Inuit health in the context of a changing climate. It addresses SDG 3 and 13.