Gender equality and women's empowerment

Gender equality and women's empowerment play a vital role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) outlined by the United Nations. Acknowledging the significance of SDG 5, which explicitly targets gender equality and the empowerment of all women and girls, it's worth noting that these elements are fundamentally tied to all 17 goals. Each goal, whether it pertains to poverty eradication, quality education, or climate action, is directly or indirectly affected by gender dynamics. Gender inequality inhibits economic growth (SDG 8) by depriving economies of the full potential of half its population, thereby exacerbating poverty (SDG 1) and hunger (SDG 2). Additionally, gender-based discrimination can limit access to quality education (SDG 4) and decent work (SDG 8) for women and girls, further perpetuating inequality. In health matters, gender roles and stereotypes often result in disparities in healthcare access and outcomes (SDG 3). With respect to environmental sustainability (SDGs 13, 14, and 15), women, particularly those in rural areas, bear the brunt of climate change impacts, but they also hold unique knowledge and skills crucial for mitigation and adaptation strategies. Likewise, women's underrepresentation in decision-making roles limits their influence on peace and justice (SDG 16) and partnerships for goals (SDG 17). Thus, achieving gender equality isn't only about justice for women and girls, but also about progress on every SDG. Women's empowerment creates a multiplier effect that boosts economic growth and promotes sustainable development, thereby setting a direct path towards achieving the SDGs. Encouragingly, concerted efforts worldwide are recognizing and amplifying women's roles in society, placing gender equality and women's empowerment at the heart of the SDGs. Such advancements signify a positive stride towards a balanced and equitable world.

Elsevier, Cell, Volume 184, 4 February 2021
Our nationwide network of BME women faculty collectively argue that racial funding disparity by the National Institutes of Health (NIH) remains the most insidious barrier to success of Black faculty in our profession. We thus refocus attention on this critical barrier and suggest solutions on how it can be dismantled.
Recent pay and hiring discrimination allegations have resulted in high-dollar settlements for Google and a hospitality management company. Developments discussed in this news article cover topics related to SDG 5 (gender equality) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).

Economic Effects of Natural Disasters, Theoretical Foundations, Methods, and Tools, 2021, Pages 77-95

This book chapter advances SDG 5 and 13 by unpacking the gendered nature of economic dimensions of climate change and identifing that climate change needs to be seen as a pervasive economic issue impacting men and women differently.

Human Sexuality, Function, Dysfunction, Paraphilias, and Relationships, 2021, Pages 63-105

Includes factors contributing to a fulfilling sexual relationship, gender differences in sexual behavior, sexuality and culture, affect, sexual toys and masturbation and their relation to sexual enjoyment, and sexuality in the 21st century. Supports the goal of SDG target 3.7: By 2030, ensure universal access to sexual and reproductive health-care services, including for family planning, information and education, and the integration of reproductive health into national strategies and programmes

Sex Differences in Cardiac Diseases, Elsevier, 2021, Pages 481-503

This book chapter advances SDG 3 and 5 by explaining how women have an increased risk of certain chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorders (CIDs). All aspects of the heart’s structure and function may be affected by the autoimmune disease.

Sex Differences in Cardiac Diseases, Elsevier, 2021, Pages 671-687

This book chapter addresses SDG 3 and 5 by describing specialized cardiovascular care for women, delivered in “women’s heart programs” (WHPs) focus on the cardiovascular needs of women. This chapter reviews the historical background leading to their development, their structure and specialized areas of focus including referral criteria for unique cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors in women, and CVD disorders resulting in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) with pathophysiologies seen exclusively, and/or more commonly in women.

Sex Differences in Cardiac Diseases, Pathophysiology, Presentation, Diagnosis and Management, 2021, Pages 3-6

This chapter advances goals 3 and 5 by outlining the history and progress of women’s inclusion in cardiovascular clinical trials.
In this second conversation of the “World We Want” podcast series, RELX’s Global Head of Corporate Responsibility, Dr Márcia Balisciano, talks to Mary Robinson about leadership.
Women are particularly vulnerable to military attack and domestic violence. This article guides screening for and responding to sexual assault and intimate partner violence using trauma-informed principles to promote survivors' health and healing.
Surveys research on policies to reduce violence against women in transport context. Identifies data gaps and recommends ways to improve policy evaluation.