SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis C in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
Three or more cups of coffee daily halves mortality risk in patients with both HIV and HCV. This finding is based on a large nation-wide study in France. This is relevant to SDG 3 and specifically the targets concerned with the reduction of infection diseases, like hepatitis C (HCV).
SDG 3.3 sets a target of combating viral hepatitis. Sub-Saharan Africa carries a substantial portion of the global burden of viral hepatitis. Countries in the region face unique challenges, with the development of elimination strategies often hindered by a lack of good quality data. This paper outlines the current status of hepatitis B in sub-Saharan Africa and provides expert recommendations from across the region, including simplified diagnostic and treatment algorithms for use in low-resource settings.
HIV Rapid Test being administered (Equality Michigan viaWikimedia Commons)
Patients in China can face long delays in completing their testing and initiating treatment when newly diagnosed with HIV. This study aimed to improve linkage to care by assessing the effectiveness of an intervention involving rapid point-of-care testing, trialled in Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, south China. The intervention increased the number of patients starting treatment and reduced mortality. However, difficulties in ensuring patients remained in the care cascade were noted and highlights the challenges China faces in meeting the SDG 3 goals.
Elsevier,

Telematics and Informatics, Volume 34, Issue 7, November 2017, Pages 1166-1176

Contributing to SDGs 3 (Good Health and Well-being), 5 (Gender Equality) and 9 (Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure), this Elsevier Atlas Award winning research explores the role of telemedicine (the delivery of healthcare services from a distance using information and communication technologies) in reducing gender-based barriers women and girls in rural areas of Nepal face to access healthcare services.
To advance goals 3 and 8, this article explores the causality between mental illness and long-term sickness absence. In a randomized clinical trial, a 4-h training programme for managers reduced sickness absence among employees in the Australian fire and rescue service at 6 months after the intervention. The training was highly cost effective and should be tested in other populations.
New HIV diagnoses among people aged 50 years or older in the EU & EEA
SDG 3 target 3 is concerned with ending the AIDS epidemic. Between 2004 and 2015 there were 54 102 new cases of HIV infection in older adults (aged ≥50 years) reported in the 31 countries of the European Economic Area (EEA). In comparison with younger adults this age group were more likely to present late and to have acquired the infection via heterosexual contact. The notification rate of new infections increased in older adults over the time period studied, which highlights the need for increased education and targeted prevention strategies for this population.
Elsevier,

Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, Volume 140, Issue 5, November 2017, Pages 1240-1243.

This Elsevier Atlas Award winning study explores the increase in allergies in Africa, despite the high exposure to bacteria and allergens. This study relates to SDGs 1(No Poverty) and 3 (Good health and Well-being).
Elsevier,

Kidney International Supplements, Volume 7, Issue 2, 2017, Pages 71-87

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasingly recognized as a global public health concern and an important contributor to morbidity and mortality. In support of SDG 3, this review expands on the recently published International Society of Nephrology (ISN) CKD roadmap, which discusses the globally relevant major traditional and nontraditional CKD risk factors, highlights gaps in knowledge, and recommends strategies to close these gaps and enhance CKD prevention.
This study evaluated the outcomes of a community-based distribution program that provides migrant, refugee, and cross-border women from Burma with evidence-based information about and access to misoprostol for early pregnancy termination. The documented outcomes from this initiative may be valuable for those working to reduce harm from unsafe abortion in other legally restricted, low-resource, and/or conflict-affected settings and help to advance SDG 3.

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