Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture

Food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture constitute fundamental elements that contribute significantly to the attainment of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These goals are a globally shared blueprint that calls for peace and prosperity for all people and the planet. Focusing on food security and nutrition is directly linked to SDG 2 which seeks to "End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture." Beyond SDG 2, these themes also relate to other SDGs such as Goal 3 - Good Health and Well-being, Goal 12 - Responsible Consumption and Production, and Goal 13 - Climate Action. The relationship between sustainable agriculture and these goals is profound; by promoting eco-friendly farming methods, we reduce the environmental footprint, mitigate climate change, and ensure the long-term sustainability of food production systems.

Moreover, sustainable agriculture is vital in fostering biodiversity, improving soil health, and enhancing water use efficiency, which are critical aspects related to Goals 14 and 15 - Life below Water and Life on Land respectively. By safeguarding our ecosystems, we not only ensure food security but also the preservation of the natural environment for future generations. In turn, better nutrition is a conduit to improved health (SDG 3), and it can also influence educational outcomes (SDG 4), given the known links between nutrition and cognitive development.

Furthermore, it is worth noting that the interconnections go beyond these goals. There's an important nexus between sustainable agriculture, food security and issues of poverty (SDG 1), gender equality (SDG 5), clean water and sanitation (SDG 6), and economic growth (SDG 8), among others. Sustainable agriculture creates job opportunities, thus reducing poverty levels. By empowering women in agriculture, we can help achieve gender equality. Proper water and sanitation practices in agriculture can prevent contamination, ensuring clean water and sanitation for all. Therefore, the triad of food security, nutrition, and sustainable agriculture, while being a significant goal in itself, is also a vehicle that drives the achievement of the wider Sustainable Development Goals.

Elsevier,

Emerging Issues in Climate Smart Livestock Production, Biological Tools and Techniques, 2022, Pages 71-90

This chapter covers strategies for greenhouse gas management in livestock production, while maintaining a high-yeild and safe food system.
Fluorescent and non-fluorescent species of Pseudomonas are important for plant growth promotion, phytopathogenic control and plant disease management. Ecologically significant applications of Pseudomonas in biocontrol and bioaugmentation are crucial for maintaining food security.
This editorial describes a Special Issue which has been created to inspire high-impact recent advancements on bioprospecting beneficial microorganisms as a sustainable strategy to warranty global food security.
Elsevier,

Current Research in Microbial Sciences, Volume 2, December 2021

In this review, we explore how agriculture is implementing the use of microbial inoculants (single species or consortia) to improve crop yields, and discuss current strategies to study plant-associated microorganisms and how their diversity varies under unconventional agriculture.
African swine fever outbreak has caused serious economic losses in China. Consequently, pork supply faces huge demand. An effective biosafety procedure was developed for production of pigs in small-scale farms in China.
Elsevier,

Journal of Integrative Agriculture, Volume 20, December 2021

The present study is the first applications of the input-oriented stochastic distance function approach in estimating scale and scope economies using data of multi-crop farming households in Vietnam.
Elsevier,

Gregory Lazarev, Chapter 8 - Pastoralism as a response to climate change and water security in Mediterranean mountains and forests, Editor(s): Nadia El-Hage Scialabba, Managing Healthy Livestock Production and Consumption, Academic Press, 2022, Pages 123-127, 

This content advances SDGs 12 and 13 by promoting responsible water resource consumption in pastoral lands and working with the environment rather than against it to raise livestock. Raising livestock responsibly and sustainably promotes SDG 2 for zero hunger as well.
In concluding, the authors of this paper suggest the introduction of a policy and research agenda that addresses the multiple water–nutrition linkages (the reliable availability, accessibility, and quality of water for all household uses) that will advance our ability to ensure equitable access to healthy foods and safe water for all.
This book chapter advances SDGs 2, 13, and 15 by summarizing the impact of high temperature on wheat production, physiological traits contributing to heat tolerance, and how to integrate new tools such as trascriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics, and ionomics with plant breeding.
Amahewu is a fermented maize-based gruel or beverage consumed mainly in Southern Africa. The nutritional and sensory properties of amahewu may vary with inoculum type, maize type and the prevailing fermentation conditions. Further, these properties may be enhanced through enrichment and fortification. This review seeks to provide up-to-date information on the science and technology of amahewu, focussing on the research findings of its physicochemical properties, as affected by the starter culture used, product formulation and processing conditions.

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