In 2017, the UN adopted a global SDG indicator framework, calling for complementary national and regional indicators to be collected by member countries, while the UN Habitat developed an indicator action framework specifically for cities. This paper examined the extent to which using UN Sustainable Development Goal indicators framework will help cities evaluate their efforts to deliver sustainability and health outcomes. It identified inconsistencies between the two two frameworks. Many of the SDG indicators assessed outcomes, rather than the ‘upstream’ policies and interventions required to deliver outcomes on-the-ground. Conversely, the UN Habitat framework incorporated intervention indicators, but excluded health outcome indicators. We proposed a more comprehensive approach to benchmarking, monitoring and evaluating policies designed to achieve healthy and sustainable cities and assessing spatial inequities.