High performance, cost-effective and environmentally acceptable separation systems is highly desirable in tackling the sustainability challenges facing current desalination technology. This paper provides a brief insight into the roles and prospective of nanotechnology, particularly the nano-enabled membrane technology, to serve as a key element to render feasible solutions for sustainable development in membrane desalination technology. This relates to SDG 6 and 9.

Sustainable Materials and Technologies, Volume 9, 2016, Pages 10-40

The aim of the study was to revise the current literature concerning the application of low-cost adsorbents for wastewater treatment highlighting, systematically, both adsorbents characteristics and adsorption capacities. This is particularly relevant to address SDG 6 - Clean water and sanitation.
This white paper explores the links between goal 6 (Clean Water and Sanitation) and goal 12 (Responsible Consumption and Production). It discusses how business can play their part in increasing access to Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) with an emphasis on WASH delivery for workers in the supply chain.

Separation and Purification Technology, Volume 156, Part 2, 17 December 2015, Pages 856-860

Forward osmosis (FO) and pressure retarded osmosis (PRO) have received extensive attention during the last decade as emerging technologies for water reuse and seawater desalination, and power generation, respectively. This review summarizes what has been learned in the last decade and shares the authors understanding and perspectives on FO and PRO technologies for clean water and clean energy production (SDGs 6 and 7).
Provision of clean water is one of the most important global issues. However, clean water resources are decreasing every day because of contamination by various pollutants including organic chemicals. This article discusses techniques to remove pollutants from clean water resources and thus contributes to the advancement of 6.3, which target the reduction of pollution, eliminating dumping and minimizing release of hazardous chemicals and materials which substantially increases water recycling.
To advance Goal 6, this report recommends good practices for developing water stewardship initiatives in an inclusive and transparent manner that ensures sustainable water management.
Linking to Goals Goal 2, 6, 12, 15, 17, these guidelines respond to the integrity challenges facing water stewardship initiatives (WSIs). Access quality management processes and a suite of practical tools via the questions and practical framework below in order to ensure high levels of integrity and transparency in your WSI.
A third of the 2.5 billion people worldwide without access to improved sanitation live in India, as do two-thirds of the 1 billion practising open defecation and a quarter of the 1.5 million who die annually from diarrhoeal diseases. This study looked at the effectiveness of a rural sanitation intervention in India, providing insight into how to reach SDG 6.2 to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and ending open defecation whilst paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.

Social Science & Medicine, Volume 119, October 2014, Pages 147-154

The lack of access to safe water and adequate sanitation presents significant health and development challenges to individuals and communities, especially in low and middle income countries. This paper reports results of a case study on the relationships between elements of social capital and participation in collective action in the context of addressing water and sanitation issues. This addresses SDG 6.

Health & Place, Volume 29, September 2014, Pages 43-51

Building toilets and getting people to use them is critical for public health and delivering on goal 6. These authors deployed a political ecology approach specifically to identify the multi-scalar political, economic, and environmental factors influencing toilet adoption in rural India.