A third of the 2.5 billion people worldwide without access to improved sanitation live in India, as do two-thirds of the 1 billion practising open defecation and a quarter of the 1.5 million who die annually from diarrhoeal diseases. This study looked at the effectiveness of a rural sanitation intervention in India, providing insight into how to reach SDG 6.2 to achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and ending open defecation whilst paying special attention to the needs of women and girls and those in vulnerable situations.

Social Science & Medicine, Volume 119, October 2014, Pages 147-154

The lack of access to safe water and adequate sanitation presents significant health and development challenges to individuals and communities, especially in low and middle income countries. This paper reports results of a case study on the relationships between elements of social capital and participation in collective action in the context of addressing water and sanitation issues. This addresses SDG 6.

Health & Place, Volume 29, September 2014, Pages 43-51

Building toilets and getting people to use them is critical for public health and delivering on goal 6. These authors deployed a political ecology approach specifically to identify the multi-scalar political, economic, and environmental factors influencing toilet adoption in rural India.