Indicators are essential tools that aid in the effective monitoring and evaluation of progress towards achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). These 17 goals, adopted by the United Nations in 2015, set forth an ambitious blueprint for global development by 2030, focusing on an array of areas such as eradicating poverty, achieving quality education, promoting gender equality, and ensuring environmental sustainability. Indicators play a critical role in translating these abstract aspirations into quantifiable, observable outcomes. Essentially, they function as markers that depict the current status of a specific SDG, allowing stakeholders to evaluate their strategies and actions and adjust as necessary.

For instance, the SDG 1, aiming to end poverty, utilizes indicators such as the proportion of a population living below the international poverty line or the proportion of men, women, and children of all ages living in poverty in all its dimensions. These indicators offer a clear and measurable way to track progress towards the objective. Similarly, the SDG 13, which targets actions to combat climate change and its impacts, employs indicators like the number of countries that have communicated the strengthening of their national adaptation plans or the number of countries that have integrated mitigation measures into their national policies.

Moreover, indicators are critical in fostering accountability and transparency. They provide a means for citizens, civil society organizations, and other stakeholders to hold governments accountable for their commitments towards achieving the SDGs. For example, if an indicator reveals slow or stagnant progress in a particular area, it signals the need for action, enabling the public to push for policy changes or interventions.

Indicators also encourage a data-driven approach to development. They offer objective evidence, thereby helping decision-makers to base their actions on facts rather than assumptions. Consequently, they contribute to the efficiency and effectiveness of interventions, promoting the optimal allocation of resources towards areas that require the most attention.

The relationship between indicators and SDGs is thus a dynamic and crucial one. Indicators serve not merely as measurement tools but as powerful agents of change, enabling the translation of the SDGs from broad global objectives into concrete, actionable, and measurable targets that can effectively guide the world towards sustainable development.

Over the past five years, we have used data and analytics to help the research and healthcare  communities navigate the sea of research and to put collaboration, both interdisciplinary and international, at the heart of scientific progress on the SDGs. View findings for SDG 5.

September 2020

Over the past five years, we have used data and analytics to help the research and healthcare communities navigate the sea of research and to put collaboration, both interdisciplinary and international, at the heart of scientific progress on the SDGs.

For the first time, we have published graphics covering all SDGs using data and insights from Scopus and SciVal. These graphics show key metrics for research output, collaboration and impact.

The Atlas of Sustainable Development Goals 2020 presents interactive storytelling and data visualizations about the 17 Sustainable Development Goals. It highlights trends for selected targets within each goal and introduces concepts about how some SDGs are measured. Where data is available, it also highlights the emerging impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the SDGs.

Key Performance Indicators are important instruments, both in defining high-level goals (international or national) and when planning smart energy communities. However, there is often a gap between the high-level goals, and possible and planned measures on the community level. Evaluation of development scenarios against a defined set of indicators and goals can help urban planners and other stakeholders understand the consequences of their strategies. This article presents a scenario calculator designed to link detailed measures with overall climate goals.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018, Pages 54-61.

There is a need to broaden the measures used to determine marine management effectiveness, especially in the context of achieving the SDGs. To advance goal 14, this article urges governments to pay more attention to new governance tools, including open innovation, when formulating new policy aimed at building future scenarios of economic resilience involving marine resource use.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018, Pages 33-42.

This article contributes to goal 15 by arguing that the SDG portfolio can trigger a major step towards more holistic land use perspectives at the agriculture-forestry interface. This, in turn, has the potential to initiate institutional change to enhance dynamic sustainability.
As the Millennium Development Goals did earlier, the Sustainable Development Goals have mobilised the international community into what can be the most important, although the most challenging, development goals of the 21st century. However, a main limitation has been that the SDGs considered as a baseline the inaccurate figures that were presented by the UN at the end of the MDGs. These figures were not challenged, not even by the academic community, who in many cases has used them uncritically.

Dealing with current and future global challenges, corporate social responsibility has become a key element for sustainable and responsible companies. Roquette, a family-owned group, leader in plant-based ingredients for Food, Nutrition and Health markets, has implemented a sustainable development approach applicable to all its worldwide activities. This “sustainable journey” is based on 4 pillars: sourcing, innovating, biorefining and acting.

Elsevier, World Development, Volume 103, March 2018
Data collection methods and poverty measures have not caught up with the reality of an increasingly urbanised world; as a result, urban poverty may be underestimated. This has important implications for targeting interventions and allocating resources in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.
Corruption perceptions index 2017
Supporting goal 10 (reduced inequalities) and goal 16 (peace, justice and strong institutions) the world’s most corrupt countries have been revealed in Transparency International’s 2017 Corruption Perceptions Index.