North America

Background: Disparities in outcomes of adult sepsis are well described by insurance status and race and ethnicity. There is a paucity of data looking at disparities in sepsis outcomes in children. We aimed to determine whether hospital outcomes in childhood severe sepsis were influenced by race or ethnicity and insurance status, a proxy for socioeconomic position. Methods: This population-based, retrospective cohort study used data from the 2016 database release from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project Kids’ Inpatient Database (KID).
Recent pay and hiring discrimination allegations have resulted in high-dollar settlements for Google and a hospitality management company. Developments discussed in this news article cover topics related to SDG 5 (gender equality) and SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).
Elsevier,

Alzheimer’s Disease: Understanding Biomarkers, Big Data, and Therapy, Volume , 1 January 2021

This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by providing evidence that behavioral treatments are more effective than most pharmacological therapies at managing depression in Alzheimer’s disease.
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by reviewing the observed epidemiological links between normal and abnormal diurnal and seasonal rhythmicity, cognitive impairment, and ADRD. Then reviewing normal diurnal and seasonal rhythms of brain epigenetic modification and gene expression in model organisms. Finally, reviewing evidence for diurnal and seasonal rhythms of epigenetic modification and gene expression the human brain in aging, Alzheimer's disease, and other brain disorders.
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by stressing that a population health approach and a focus on promoting equity in health and access to care are critical to reducing the risk of AD and other dementias.
Elsevier,

Alzheimer’s Disease: Understanding Biomarkers, Big Data, and Therapy, Volume , 1 January 2021

This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by presenting that (1) some of these depression scales do not correlate, suggesting that they assess different aspects of depression; (2) reports of depression in dementia vary based on depression in dementia scale used; and (3) severe memory impairment may impact the ability to assess depression in the patients using self-reports.
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by reviewing the extant literature on autophagy in AD and covers recent progress on the molecular mechanisms of NAD+-dependent mitophagy/autophagy regulation and mechanisms underlying the anti-AD potential of NAD+. Further studies to define the NAD+-mitophagy/autophagy axis may shed light on novel therapeutics to treat AD and potentially provide insights into other neurodegenerative diseases.
Elsevier,

Assessments, Treatments and Modeling in Aging and Neurological Disease: The Neuroscience of Aging, Volume , 1 January 2021

This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by reviewing the use of nonhuman primates as a viable model of aging and neurodegeneration research.
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by providing therapeutic strategies that can be employed in clinical trials for AD in DS will be discussed as well as their underlying scientific rationale.
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by reviewing deep brain stimulation as a treatment for AD patients, reviewing the recent studies and issues associated with the treatment.

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