Biodiversity and ecosystems

This report offers a framework for principle-based collaboration between business, the UN, governments, civil society and other stakeholders in relation to soil management and the entire agricultural value chain. It directly supports SDG 2 and SDG 15.

Environmental Science & Policy, Volume 55, Part 1, January 2016, Pages 266–273

Sustainable agriculture holds great promise for alleviating a whole host of environmental problems and health risks associated with the modern industrial agricultural system. However, as this paper demonstrates, USDA-funded agroecological research shows tremendous untapped potential. Winning the Elsevier Atlas Award in June 2016, the authors argue that there is an urgent need for increased investments in research and development to make sustainable food production even more beneficial, contributing to SDGs 12, 13 and 15.

Current Opinion in Insect Science, Volume 12, December 2015, Pages 71-78

This journal article addresses goals 15 and 13 by exploring effective strategies to protect the global health and diversity of insects.
This book addresses goals 13 and 14 by discussing conservation and biodiversity factors in freshwater ecosystems

Forest Policy and Economics, December 2014, Pages 23 - 33

Reducing emissions from deforestation requires policy change. This paper investigates how governance systems and their discursive practices are affecting policies aimed at reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries: it highlights the challenges to the advancement of SDG 15.1 to ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, in line with obligations under international agreements by promoting conservation, restoration and sustainable use of these ecosystems and their services.

Global Environmental Change, May 2014, Pages 152 - 158

Ecosystems provide a range of services that are crucial to human wellbeing, health and survival. This paper provides an updated estimate of the global value of ecosystem services to enable these services to be properly appreciated and taken into account during decision-making. Knowing the true value of ecosystem services contributes to advancing SDG target 13.3 to improve awareness-raising and action on climate change mitigation, as well as SDG target 15 as it helps preserve ecosystems and maintain high biodiversity.
This journal article addresses goals 7, 11, 12 and 15 by discussing how increased demand for biomass for bioenergy purposes may lead to a continued conversion of valuable habitats into productive lands and to intensification, which both have negative effects on biodiversity.

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition), 2013, Pages 399-410

This book chapter addresses goals 13, 14, 15 and 17 by discussing the definition of biodiversity that is both scientifically sensible and universally applicable; this is imperative to help guide the design of policy and programs for the future, as well as to make critical decisions in the present.

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition), 2013, Pages 691-699

This book chapter addresses goals 13, 14 and 15 by discussing how global declines of amphibians refer to the phenomenon of the population declines and even extinctions of amphibian species around the world.

Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Second Edition), 2013, Pages 681-707

This book chapter addresses goals 13, 14, and 15 by discussing the biodiversity of mammals, covering all ranges from a shrew to the blue whale.