Biodiversity and ecosystems

Manual chamber-based measurements of CO2 (and H2O) fluxes are important for understanding ecosystem carbon metabolism. Small opaque chambers can be used to measure leaf, stem and soil respiration. Larger transparent chambers can be used to measure net ecosystem exchange of CO2, and small jars often serve this purpose for laboratory incubations of soil and plant material. Advancing SDG 15, this article explores an open source software called Flux Puppy which facilitates chamber-based flux measurements in the field and laboratory

Damia Barcelo and Thomas Knepper, TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, 30 July 2019

This microplastics special issue compiled by Trends in Analytical Chemistry supports many of the SDGs, namely SDGs 3 (good health and well-being), 9.5 (enhance scientific research), 12 (responsible consumption and production), 14 (life below water) and 15 (life on land).

TrAC Trends in Analytical Chemistry, Volume 116, July 2019, Pages 346-359.

Focussing on SDG's 3 (good health and well-being), 12 (responsible consumption and production) and 14 (life below water), this review piece identifies limitations in current methodologies and practices used to study microplastics in seafood. Future studies may be improved by harmonising research methods, including sampling, isolation, quantification, polymer identification, and contamination management procedures.

Building and Environment, Volume 158, 2019, Pages 133-144, ISSN 0360-1323

Contributing to goals 11, 13 and 15, this article discusses the significance of integrating green spaces into urban projects to minimise biodiversity loss and incorporate the existing ecosystem services on offer.
Irrigation management may influence soil greenhouse gas emissions (GHG). Solid-set sprinkler irrigation systems allow to modify the irrigation time and frequency. Contributing to SDGs 13 and 15, this study quantified the effect of two irrigation times (daytime, D; nighttime, N) and two irrigation frequencies (low, L; high, H) on soil carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4), and nitrous oxide (N2O) emissions in a solid-set sprinkler-irrigated maize field located in NE Spain.
Elsevier, the global information and analytics business specializing in science and health, is making over 5,000 subscription articles on climate change freely available for a test period. The articles contribute knowledge to advance Goal 13, Climate Action and are available through Mendeley, the reference manager and academic social network.

Biodiversity of Pantepui, The Pristine “Lost World” of the Neotropical Guiana Highlands, 2019, Pages 403-417

This book chapter addresses goals 15, 13, and 12 by discussing conservation efforts to protect pristine and untouched land in the Pantepui area.

This collection of articles focusses on SDG 14 (life below water). Every coastal State, including several members of G20, face threats to marine ecosystems and the environment as complex societal, economic and governance challenges. Ocean management involves multi-disciplinary science and complex issues of policy design, while implementation demands consultative decision making and long term capacity development.

This journal article addresses goals 7, 12, 13 and 15 by discussing how the rising demand for renewable resources has increased silage maize production which has adverse environmental effects and therefore limits the advantages of renewable biomass.

Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 38, June 2019, Pages 22-30

This journal article addresses goals 15 and 3 by exploring the proposal to set aside half of Earth's land as an interconnected global conservation reserve.