Biodiversity and ecosystems

The SDG Impact of COVID-19 podcast series gathers expert opinion exploring the impact of COVID-19 on the Sustainable Development Goals. In advance of World Environment Day on June 5th, we get the view of Dr Sam Scheiner, Editor-in-Chief of the Encyclopedia of Biodiversity.
Mangrove forests are found on sheltered coastlines in tropical, subtropical, and some warm temperate regions. These forests support unique biodiversity and provide a range of benefits to coastal communities, but as a result of large-scale conversion for aquaculture, agriculture, and urbanization, mangroves are considered increasingly threatened ecosystems. Scientific advances have led to accurate and comprehensive global datasets on mangrove extent, structure, and condition, and these can support evaluation of ecosystem services and stimulate greater conservation and rehabilitation efforts.

Biological Conservation, Volume 245, May 2020, 108580

This article addresses goals 13, 14 and 15 by investigating the extent to which respondents' moral communities align with four worldviews discussed in the environmental ethics literature: anthropocentrism, zoocentrism, biocentrism, and ecocentrism.

Biological Conservation, Volume 245, May 2020, 108580

This journal article addresses goals 13, 14 and 15 by discussing how refuges and refugia are important to conservation management because of their potential to protect species from difficult-to-manage threats such as changing climate, extreme events (e.g., drought, fire) and biotic threats (e.g., disease, invasive species).
Climate change and population growth generates a decrease in water availability around the world which can compromise the maintenance of sustainable agriculture. Thus, treated wastewater (TWW) became an alternative to minimize water shortage. However, this may indirectly affect the soil’s microbial properties. In this study different soils irrigated for 0, 1, 8 and 20 years with TWW were sampled and from the east central region of Tunisia. The objective was to investigate its effect on heavy metal accumulation and enzyme activities, contributing to SDGs 2, 15 and 13.
Advancing SDG 15, this article investigates the ostracod assemblages obtained from a sediment core from a paleolake in the Sağlık plain in south-central Anatolia (Turkey).

One Earth, VOLUME 2, ISSUE 4, P380-384, APRIL 24, 2020

This journal article addresses goal 14 by discussing how ocean health is critical for human well-being but is threatened by multiple stressors.
To mark Earth Day 2020, Global Citizen spoke with seven youth climate activists who shared their hopes for a future in which we take bold climate action. This article contributes to SDGs 1, 7, 13, 14 and 15.
This articles highlights one of the winning proposals of the Elsevier Foundation Green & Sustainable Chemistry Challenge, “Butterfly attractant for pollination and ecosystem health.” The project, which combines ecology and chemistry, involved field observations and lab-based experiments to protect biodiversity in the Western Ghats of India by increasing butterfly pollination, contributing to SDGs 13, 15 and 17.

ISPRS Journal of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, Volume 162, April 2020

Mountains provide essential ecosystem services to billions of people and are home to a majority of the global biodiversity hotspots. However, mountain ecosystems are particularly sensitive to climate and environmental changes. Winner of the Elsevier Atlas Award in 2020, this article contributes to SDG 15 by proposing a new global high resolution gridded-MGCI calculation method that depicts the varying details in the MGCI from both the spatial and temporal domains based on 30-m Landsat-8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) images and the Google Earth Engine (GEE) cloud computing platform.