Food security and nutrition and sustainable agriculture

The chapter advances goal 2 by discussing the need for a shift in dietary patterns from animal-derived protein to plant-based protein, particularly in the more developed economies.
Elsevier,

Insects as Sustainable Food Ingredients, Production, Processing and Food Applications, 2016, Pages 1-27.

This chapter addresses goal 2 by demonstrating the feasibility and value of insects as a sustainable commodity for food, feed and other applications.
There is overwhelming evidence that the national food system in South Africa is in crisis. This chapter contributes to goals 2 and 10 by outlining some of the key interventions that are attempting to increase food equity and sustainability.
Elsevier,

Reference Module in Food Science, Encyclopedia of Food Security and Sustainability, Volume 1, 2019, Pages 128-134

This chapter supports SDGs 2, 3 and 16 by providing an overview of food operations in wars and conflicts, which are likely to continue as the primary cause of humanitarian need worldwide.
Elsevier,

Food Industry Wastes, Assessment and Recuperation of Commodities, 2013, Pages 17-36.

This chapter advances goal 12 by examining the development of green food production strategies; these take a holistic approach while applying principles of industrial ecology and maintaining the integrity of the biosphere.
This chapter explores goals 1 and 10 by examining whether the social sustainability enjoyed by sugar industry employees can be maintained given expanding beet production, falling world prices, promotion of healthy diets and the development of sugar alternatives.
Producing enough food of sufficient quality to feed an ever increasing population faces many challenges. This will require higher yields from agricultural production to meet the demands of changing population demographics using the limited natural resources available. Crop protection chemicals, developed by the agrochemical industry, are used by growers to ensure that consistently high yields are obtained, provide ease and reliability of harvest and to maintain excellent quality of produce from the crops they grow.
Elsevier, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018
Actions on climate change (SDG 13), including in the food system, are crucial. SDG 13 needs to align with the Paris Agreement, given that UNFCCC negotiations set the framework for climate change actions. Food system actions can have synergies and trade-offs, as illustrated by the case for nitrogen fertiliser. SDG 13 actions that reduce emissions can have positive impacts on other SDGs (e.g. 3, 6, 12, 14, 15); but such actions should not undermine the adaptation goals of SDG 13 and SDGs 1, 2, 5 and 10.
Elsevier, Current Opinion in Environmental Sustainability, Volume 34, October 2018
This paper examines the potential and limitations of SDG 5 (Gender Equality) in helping to achieve household food security. The potential lies in the attention it pays to women's access to land and natural resources, which can significantly enhance women's ability to produce and procure food. Its limitations lie in a lack of attention to the production constraints that women farmers face; its failure to recognise forests and fisheries as key sources of food; and its lack of clarity on which natural resources women need access to and why.
Activities in the food-energy-water nexus require ecosystem services to maintain productivity and prevent ecological degradation. This work applies techno-ecological synergy concepts in an optimization formulation to design a system for co-producing food and energy under constraints on ecological sustainability. The system includes land use activities and biomass conversion processes for the production of energy carriers, as well as supporting ecosystems that increase the supply of key ecosystem services.

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