Water Resource Management

Water, the elixir of life, is central to the sustenance of every living organism on Earth. Its importance is undeniably intertwined with the health, prosperity, and long-term viability of societies around the world. As global populations expand and climate change reconfigures the hydrological map of the world, the demand for fresh water is intensifying. Concurrently, several regions are confronting the profound challenge of dwindling water supplies, making water resource management an imperative for the present and the future. Notably, this essential endeavor has been recognized and underscored by the United Nations through its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The direct reference can be found in SDG 6 which aims to "Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all". However, the intersection of water resource management extends beyond just this specific goal, resonating deeply with multiple SDGs.

The foundational objective of water resource management is to efficiently allocate and use water in a manner that is sustainable, equitable, and beneficial for both human beings and the environment. In doing so, it touches upon numerous sectors such as agriculture, industry, health, and energy, which are intrinsically tied to several other SDGs. For instance, efficient water management plays a pivotal role in ensuring zero hunger (SDG 2) by aiding sustainable agricultural practices and ensuring water availability for irrigation, which directly impacts crop yields. In the realm of health (SDG 3), clean water prevents waterborne diseases, ensuring that communities thrive and reducing mortality rates. Furthermore, as urban areas continue to burgeon, sustainable water practices can foster the creation of resilient and sustainable cities (SDG 11). It's clear then, that the ripple effects of effective water resource management cascade across various SDGs, stitching them together in a tapestry of interconnected objectives.

One cannot underscore enough the symbiotic relationship between water resource management and the combating of climate change (SDG 13). As the effects of global warming exacerbate, the patterns of precipitation shift and water availability becomes unpredictable in many regions. By managing water resources prudently, societies can adapt to these altered hydrological realities, ensuring that even in times of scarcity or excess, water-related calamities can be mitigated.

The approach to water resource management also gravitates towards innovation and infrastructure (SDG 9). From constructing efficient water storage facilities and distribution networks to harnessing technology for wastewater treatment, innovation remains at the heart of addressing the complex challenges of water. Moreover, there is an intrinsic relationship between water and ecosystems (SDG 15). Sustainable water management ensures the protection and restoration of freshwater ecosystems, which are vital for maintaining global biodiversity.

In the journey towards a sustainable future, collaboration remains key. Water traverses boundaries, both physical and political, necessitating cooperation at local, national, and transnational levels. As nations rally together to achieve the SDGs by 2030, the harmonization of strategies related to water resource management becomes imperative. The task is undoubtedly colossal, but with the SDGs as the North Star, there's a clear direction forward. By acknowledging the centrality of water in this roadmap and championing its judicious management, humanity can hope to craft a future where every individual has access to clean water, ecosystems thrive, and societies prosper in equilibrium with the planet they inhabit.

Image of water with World Water Day Special Collection title

Every year, World Water Day raises awareness and inspires action to tackle the water and sanitation crisis.  To mark World Water Day 2024, Elsevier has curated a free special collection of journal articles and book chapters.  This year’s theme for World Water Day is Water for Peace.  Discover research relating to clean water and sanitation from across a broad range of disciplines including the effects of racism, social exclusion, and discrimination on achieving universal safe water and sanitation in high-income countries and challenges faced by developing economics to mitigate the impacts o

Flyer image for the event

Water is essential for life and producing food, energy, minerals, and industrial goods. As planetary populations grow and a changing climate triggers floods, droughts, and other environmental extremes, access to clean water sources becomes increasingly competitive. Inadequate infrastructures, poor resource allocation, and outdated ecological restoration principles compound an already prescient problem. 

World Maritime Day 2024

The vast oceans have always been a source of wonder, sustenance, and vital passage for human civilization. Connecting continents and cultures, the maritime sector plays a pivotal role in global trade, security, and sustainability. Recognizing its significance, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) observes World Maritime Day every year. This day not only celebrates the maritime industry but also emphasizes its importance in ensuring a sustainable future.

Why the Maritime Sector is Vital

Clean water resources are crucial for societies in order to maintain safety as well as social, ecological and economic progress. As the population grows, agricultural, domestic and industrial activities produce large amounts of wastewaters that can be treated and reused in variety of purposes considering circular economy philosophy. This review presents the challenges and future prospects of wastewater treatment using membrane technologies and is related to SDG 6: Clean water and sanitation.
This chapter aligns with Goal 9: Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure and Goal 13: Climate Action by exploring the potential of AI in facilitating agricultural water management in the context of climate change and water scarcity.

Sustainable Resource Management, Modern Approaches and Contexts, 2021, Pages 289-315

This book chapter advances SDGs 9, 13, and 15 by using several economic indicators of sustainable resource management to help answer questions such as what extent is it possible to know whether the available resources are being managed in a sustainable way? Could it be said that current generations are using the resources to meet their needs without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own?
Figure showing the institutional structure in water resources management in Azerbaijan.
In this paper, the objective is to analyze the water management in Azerbaijan to ensure the country's water safety by improving the efficiency of water management and consumption.
This chapter advances SDG 6, 11, and 12 by discussing the state-of-the-art of managing water supply and demand as a natural resource, and what indicators are being developed to identify water scarcity worldwide.