This case study looks at the impact of stress on a part-time worker with celebral palsy, and its effect on their well-being. The study shows how using a proactive approach, including the use of HSE stress management standards, can help to avoid negative outcomes for the employee. Stress management in the workplace contributes to the advancement of SDG 3.4 to prevent and treat mental health issues and promote well-being.
PTSD Resolution has launched a training programme for managers with employees who are suffering from PTSD. The programme was initially set up in response to demand from employers of former soldiers. Programmes to tackle PTS contribute to advancing SDG 3.4 to prevent and treat mental health issues and promote well-being
This article reports the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 (GBD) assessment of mortality and causes of death, which provides new and robust evidence on the patterns and levels of mortality worldwide, expanding on previous analyses by further investigating the main determinants of epidemiological patterns and trends across geographies and over time. The comparison of estimates of observed mortality levels with patterns expected based on socio-demographic indices provides an in-depth understanding of national health challenges and priority areas for intervention, including in addressing the targets in support of good health and wellbeing.
This articles addresses SDG 3 by showing that non-fatal outcomes of disease and injury increasingly detract from the ability of the world's population to live in full health, a trend largely attributable to an epidemiological transition in many countries from causes affecting children, to non-communicable diseases (NCDs) more common in adults. This article estimates the incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for diseases and injuries at the global, regional, and national scale over the period of 1990 to 2015.
This commentary shows how the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015 provides a detailed snapshot of the state of global health and an analytic approach to tracking this dynamic picture. It says that as the international community embarks on the transition from the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), GBD 2015 is a critical part of the toolkit for measuring progress and—critically—holding governments to account.
SDG 3 is concerned with ensuring healthy-lives and wellbeing for all at all ages. Disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) is a summary measure of population health based on estimates of premature mortality and non-fatal health loss. This article examines national disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) for 315 diseases and injuries and healthy life expectancy (HALE), 1990–2015 and shows that since 1990, overall health has improved in most countries, with particularly large gains occurring in the past 10 years, but more years of functional health have been lost. This research can help prioritise research and development and monitor progress towards the SDGs.
This article reports the most recent assessment of the global burden of diseases, injuries, and risk factors and says that reductions in exposure have been key drivers of change for only a small set of environmental risks, including sanitation, household air pollution, and behavioural risks (eg, undernutrition and smoking). Understanding these risks helps to inform the achievement of SDG 3 targets.
This article provides timely, robust evidence on documenting child health achievements during the Millennium Development Goal era, identifying causes and regions for which less progress occurred, and characterising the association between improving development and child survival. It estimates the number and rates of stillbirths across geographies and over time. Given the reductions in under-5 mortality between 1990 and 2015, this article provides important insights for SDG 3 targets, in particular the target to end preventable deaths of newborns and under 5 year olds.
One of the objectives of SDG 3 aims to reduce premature mortality by 40% by 2030. This study investigates the feasibility of achieving this reduction target, in Mexico, through analysing the projected mortality rates up to 2030. By outlining the top causes for mortality in different age groups, this study provides a roadmap for setting national health priorities to achieve SDG 3.4.
MSF Doctors conduct a Phase III rotavirus vaccine trial at Epicentre’s Niger Research Center at the Maradi Hospital. (Photo © KRISHAN Cheyenne/MSF)
"The Elsevier Foundation is partnering with Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and their training and research partner, Epicentre, to support the Niger Research Center. By building the Center's capacity and supporting African-driven research this project directly supports SDG 3, with a focus on target 3B. At the heart of this project is the development of a new vaccine to fight rotavirus."