Hypothesis Development

Hypothesis development, a key step in the scientific method involving the formulation of testable assumptions, is fundamental to the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It plays a crucial role in SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure), facilitating scientific research and technological development that drives sustainable industrialization. Hypotheses underpin the evidence-based strategies necessary for implementing and tracking progress towards all SDGs, including SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), SDG 13 (Climate Action), and SDG 14 (Life Below Water). Hypothesis testing helps us understand complex systems and inform decision-making. It also has a place in SDG 4 (Quality Education), where fostering critical thinking and scientific reasoning skills in students equips them to understand and engage with the SDGs effectively.

United Nations University

Interconnections are central to the 17 Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015, the SDGs inspire global action to overcome the world’s related challenges — from hunger and poverty to equality and peace. Governments, businesses, civil society, and the UN system are working together to achieve the goals by 2030, and improve the lives of people everywhere.

Sustainable Development Strategies, Engineering, Culture and Economics, 2021, Pages 1-25

This book chapter advances SDG 11 and 13 by introducing the concepts of sustainable development. The definitions as evolved over time have been briefly discussed. The evolution of the sustainable development concepts coupled with the underling theorems, philosophy, ethics, and social responsibility has also been described. The dimensions of sustainable development along with the recent trends have also been discussed.

The new 2030 sustainable development agenda is likely to dominate policy and academic debates at both national and international levels over next 15 years and beyond. It is, therefore, a crucial time to critically reflect how the SDGs are likely to shape - and be shaped by - the wider research community. Each peer-reviewed paper will address the common question of: “how is the SDG agenda influencing scholarly debates in different research areas, and vice-versa?”.

Food Nutr Res. 2019 May 9;63. doi: 10.29219/fnr.v63.3410. eCollection 2019.

Contributing to SDG 3, this clinical investigation assessed the efficacy of novel patent-pending VMP35 multi-nutrient complex, a non-iron containing liquid nutraceutical supplement, in 38 male and female volunteers (age: 22-82) on anemia and blood properties.

Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 116, 1 October 2017, Pages 372-378.

This article develops a theoretical framework to develop current understandings of evolutionary origins of same-sex attraction within women. This research may therefore help drive forward SDG 10 (reduced inequalities).

Developing-developed world partnerships potentially present win-win opportunities for addressing climate-active gas emissions at lower cost whilst propelling developing nations on a lower-carbon trajectory, as carbon emissions, capture and storage are geographically independent. Expanded PES (payment for ecosystem service) principles provides a framework for assessing the transparency and efficacy of partnerships, tested on the model developed by The Converging World (TCW).