Research

Elsevier,

Cleaner and Responsible Consumption, Volume 12, March 2024

With technological advances, Artificial Intelligence tools are increasingly available in organizational environments, enabling greater processing and storage capacity and increasing the possibilities of analyzing other data formats. Therefore, in this work, Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques were applied to verify, with an AI tool, the alignment of community outreach actions of an HEI to the SDGs and identify its actions with the greatest impact based on the titles and summaries of these actions.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, 2024, ISSN 0140-6736,
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02802-7.

This paper is about treatment-induced menopause after cancer care. It highlights how treatment-induced menopause can lead to more severe symptoms than natural menopause and these are often overlooked during cancer care – especially in LMICs.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, 2024, ISSN 0140-6736, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02799-X.

This paper is about empowering women during the menopause and argues that an over-simplified narrative of menopause as a health problem to be solved by replacing hormones is not based on evidence and deflects attention from the need for substantial societal shifts in how menopause, and midlife/older women in general, are viewed and treated around the world.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, 2024, ISSN 0140-6736, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02800-3.

This paper is about premature menopause (before the age of 40) and early menopause (40-44) and highlights the specific research and care needed by women experiencing premature or early menopause.
Elsevier,

The Lancet, 2024, ISSN 0140-6736,
https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(23)02801-5.

This article is about mental health and menopause and questions the assumption that menopause always causes mental health problems whilst also identifying specific at-risk groups who may need additional support.
Elsevier,

Geoderma Regional, Volume 36, March 2024

Areas prone to drought and land degradation need effective water management plans to secure food production. Methods such as hydrological modelling and digital soil mapping can aid in evaluating water availability (water content and water stress). A study by Horta et al., 2023 examined the use of a global and local soil hydraulic properties (SHP) dataset to simulate soil-water balance at a regional scale in Portugal and found that the SHP dataset is a key factor to consider. The results showed that the choice between global and local SHP datasets significantly impacts the accuracy of soil-water balance simulations, influencing irrigation schedules and potentially jeopardizing crop production and soil quality, particularly in Mediterranean conditions.
Elsevier,

Geoderma Regional, Volume 36, March 2024

Grazing pressure in savannah rangelands increases the possibility of desertification and woody plant encroachment under different land management. As such, early warning shift indicators of degraded rangelands are required. Zimmer et al., 2024 conducted a study on the arid savanna rangelands on Arenosols in Namibia and focussed on soil organic carbon (SOC) and carbon isotopes (δ13C) as indicators. Results show lower SOC stocks on communal rangelands compared to freehold farms, with correlations between SOC stocks and vegetation cover types. The findings emphasize the importance of considering soil properties such as SOC in land management practices to assess and mitigate soil degradation risks in savanna ecosystems
Elsevier,

Soil Security, Volume 14, March 2024

Mulwafua and Kamchedzera 2024 found that Malawi's soil laws lack strong priorities for Avoid, Reduce, and Reverse strategies regarding land degradation neutrality, contrasting with Uganda and Germany which incorporate these strategies in their soil-dedicated legal frameworks. By using Roscoe Pound's theory of social engineering, the authors suggest that Malawi's human-centred approach to soil conservation neglects eco-centric and deep ecology perspectives.
Elsevier,

Soil Security, Volume 14, March 2024

Soil systems play a key role in the fight against climate change. A paper, produced by Rubio et al., 2024, highlights the importance of soil management and land conservation for sustainable use of resources. It calls for a comprehensive vision recognizing soil's socio-economic benefits and ecological functions, urging for radical environmental, social, and economic shifts to address climate change responsibly for present and future generations, in alignment with initiatives like the European Green Deal and the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals.
Elsevier,

Geoderma, Volume 443, March 2024

Artificial grassland restoration can be an effective method when applied to severely degraded grassland in alpine areas, however, their effects on slope runoff and sediment yield are still unclear. Qian et al., 2024 studied the effects of artificial restoration and degradation on the runoff sediment process in three areas and found that artificial grassland can significantly reduce runoff and sediment yield compared to alpine meadows and severely degraded alpine meadows. The study underscores the importance of plant and soil characteristics in erosion processes, highlighting the effectiveness of artificial grassland in mitigating soil erosion through improved soil conditions and enhanced vegetation coverage, with implications for restoration efforts in alpine regions.

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