Threats to Marine Ecosystems and Conservation of the Marine Environment

Elsevier, S20 Japan 2019, 6 March 2019

This collection of articles focusses on SDG 14 (life below water). Every coastal State, including several members of G20, face threats to marine ecosystems and the environment as complex societal, economic and governance challenges. Ocean management involves multi-disciplinary science and complex issues of policy design, while implementation demands consultative decision making and long term capacity development. In order to achieve sustainable development and conservation goals, we must improve the integration of science into marine policy, whilst achieving social and economic inclusivity and diversity. From coastal systems where human activities are layered in ocean space, to remote oceanic systems, management faces complex challenges in identifying and quantifying  trade-offs between conservation and sectoral interests.

In this special collection, we have selected articles published in Elsevier’s peer-reviewed journals that showcase the current issues of marine environment and policies. Topics that are covered include marine pollution, climate change impact on ocean, UN Sustainable Development Goals, coastal management, fisheries management and high seas governance, with several articles dedicated to highlighting the latest scientific developments on these issues from Japan. The articles were selected in consultation with ocean experts of the Nippon Foundation Nereus Program, an interdisciplinary global research network.

Elsevier,

Marine Policy, Volume 94, Aug 2018, Pages 215-219.

This viewpoint reflects on women's contribution to sustainable ocean governance, supporting SDG 5 (gender equality) and 14 (life below water). This article discusses the unique contributions women offer to ocean governance and the necessity to reduce systematically- embedded hurdles currently supporting gendered decision-taking in ocean governance.
Elsevier,

Marine Pollution Bulletin, Volume 136, Nov 2018, Pages 508-515.

This content contributes to SDG 13 (climate action), SDG 14 (life below water) and SDG 17 (partnerships for the goals).This article discusses the importance of combined biophysical and socio-economic sciences sharing knowledge with management communities, improving coral reef resilience in the face of global climate and ocean change.
Elsevier,

Marine Policy, Volume 99, Jan 2019, Pages 239-242.

This article focuses on SDG 14 (life below water). This commentary discusses the recent United Nations meetings which prepare international legally binding instruments focussed on the protection of biodiversity in waters beyond National Jurisdiction.
Elsevier,

Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 154, March 2018, Pages 72-82.

This article contributes to SDG 13 (climate action), SDG 14 (life under water) and SDG 15 (life on land). Using case studies, this research examines the threats to mangroves, consequences, and potential solutions for effective conservation.
Elsevier,

Marine Policy, Volume 74, Dec 2016, Pages 245-259.

 

This article contributes to SDG 14 life below water’s focus on the conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development in the context of deep-seabed mining.
Elsevier,

Marine Policy, Volume 74, Dec 2016, Pages 85-87.

This article contributes to SDG 12 (responsible consumption and production) and SDG 14 (life below land). This paper analyses policies and future strategies necessary for improving the sustainability of China’s seafood consumption.
Elsevier,

Ocean & Coastal Management, Volume 171, 1 April 2019, Pages 28-36,

This article contributes to SDG 13 (climate action) and SDG 14 (life below water), highlighting the importance of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) as effective instruments to conserve biodiversity and its resources.
Elsevier,

Marine Policy, Volume 93, July 2018, Pages 223-231.

This framework illustrates how SDG 14 (life below water) targets can relate to all other SDG goals, contributing to SDG 17 (partnership for the goals). A framework is presented to increase understanding of relationships between Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to determine their interactions, aiding the effective and efficient prioritisation of policy options.
Elsevier,

Marine Policy, Volume 91, May 2018, Pages 41-48.

Most empirical research into Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) focus their studies on specific natural or social features and governing structures. This research approach looks into multi-use MPAs in the eelgrass restoration site in Japan. Findings from this research contribute directly to SDG 14 (life below water) and SDG 2 (zero hunger).
Elsevier,

Marine Policy, Volume 88, Feb 2018, Pages 64-74.

This study suggests the promising potential of satellite remote sensing images for monitoring illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing activities, contributing to SDG 14 (life below water).