Sustainable cities and human settlements

This article looks at technology and policy strategies that a community may adopt today, and uses backcasting to assess whether they will prove helpful to reach long-term sustainability goals, in support of SDG 11. Using a computational case study of London, the city's metabolism is modeled as the set of interacting, cross-sectoral (water, food, energy, waste) flows of carbon (C), nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), water, and energy. The paper proceeds to examine which businesses are currently marketing some of the identified key technological innovations
This article adds a valuable perspective to SDG 11, by arguing that the rush for land due to urban demand must be considered in the debate on sustainable cities. The authors review debates on global land rush and the new urban agenda. Using cases where the global land rush and urbanization are simultaneously intensifying in the global South, the authors identify four areas that should be prioritized in current debates.
A number of property companies are going beyond traditional corporate responsibility to be net positive. Instead of opting for sustainability strategies that manage risk and reduce negative impacts, these companies are seeking to put back more into society, the environment and the global economy than they take out. Whilst the breadth and scope of these net positive commitments made by real estate leaders vary, there is enormous opportunity for this sector with sustainability and in supporting SDG 7 and 13.
The article summarises research conducted in different climate zones related to green roof design that is correlated with roles of substrate in promoting plant growth. From the review, it will serve as a guideline for selection of substrate suitable for green roofs in different climates worldwide. From the recommendation made, the success of plant growth in addressing food security needs a concerted effort worldwide through development of standard guidelines related to green roof design for close comparison across the world region. The review supports SDG 11: Sustainable cities and communities, SDG 17: Partnerships for the goals and SDG 13: Climate action.
Shakespeare’s allegory can be employed to articulate sustainable strategies in many of the SDG themes. For example, SDG 3 (Good health and well-being); SDG 7 (Affordable and clean energy); SDG 8 (Decent Work and economic growth); SDG 13 (Climate Action) and SDG 16 (Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions). This article examines how Shakespeare's works anticipate sustainability narratives for society at large and its individual actors.
This article addresses the health needs of slum residents, who are at an increased risk of developing mental health problems, non-communicable diseases, malnutrition, infectious diseases, and injuries due to violence. Children are especially vulnerable, as malnutrition can lead to stunted growth and impaired cognitive development. Slum health is under-represented in the scientific literature, despite an estimated doubling of slum populations by 2030, from today’s figure of 1 billion. Addressing the health-care needs of people living in slums will be vital to achieving SDG 3 and is related to SDG 1.
This Article extends the theory of so-called “neighbourhood effects” to explain the health of people living in slums; authors note that although densely populated neighbourhoods can promote the spread of disease, they can also amplify the benefits of interventions because beneficial effects are shared across many people. This neighbourhood effect is likely to offer increasing returns to investments to create a healthy environment and should be capitalised on to achieve SDG 3. The paper identifies how slums should be included in censuses to identify local priorities for action.
Elsevier,

Biological Conservation, Volume 206, February 2017, Pages 47-55. 

Contributing to SDG 15 (Life on Land), this Elsevier Atlas Award winning article quantifies changes in spatial and temporal patterns of human pressure and ecological state across the entire global network of Natural World Heritage Sites and their surrounding landscapes for the first time.
Elsevier,

Challenges and Opportunities in Urban Public Transportation, Chapter 7, 2017, Pages 95–107

Green innovations will be significant in reducing climate change impacts and contributing to goals 9 (industry, innovation and infrastructure), 11 (sustainable cities and communities) and 13 (climate action). This chapter considers a number of sustainable and innovative transport and infrastructure options to support these goals.
The Blueprint for Business Leadership on the SDGs aims to inspire all business — regardless of size, sector or geography — to take leading action in support of the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). It illustrates how the five leadership qualities of Ambition, Collaboration, Accountability, Consistency, and Intentional can be applied to a business' strategy, business model, products, supply chain, partnerships, and operations to raise the bar and create impact at scale. The Blueprint is a tool for any business that is ready to advance its principled approach to SDG action to become a leader. This chapter relates specifically to SDG 11.

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