Technology

Technology plays a central role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure), SDG 4 (Quality Education), SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), and SDG 13 (Climate Action). The transformative power of technology can accelerate progress towards all the SDGs by driving economic growth, reducing inequalities, enhancing access to basic services, and promoting sustainability.

Under SDG 9, technology, particularly in terms of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), is a key enabler of industrial innovation and infrastructure development. ICT has the potential to drive economic growth by enhancing productivity, creating jobs, and fostering entrepreneurship. Moreover, it can contribute to making industries more sustainable by facilitating the transition towards smart manufacturing and circular economy models.

Regarding SDG 4, technology can greatly enhance access to quality education. Digital technologies, including e-learning platforms, can break down barriers to education, such as geographical distance, socio-economic status, and physical disabilities. They can also enrich the learning process by enabling personalized, student-centered learning experiences.

In the context of SDG 3, technology has a profound impact on health outcomes. Medical technologies, from simple devices like thermometers to complex systems like MRI machines, have revolutionized healthcare delivery. Furthermore, digital health technologies, such as telemedicine and mobile health apps, can enhance access to health services, improve patient outcomes, and reduce healthcare costs.

For SDG 13, technology offers powerful tools for mitigating and adapting to climate change. Renewable energy technologies can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while climate information services can enhance resilience to climate impacts. Furthermore, digital technologies can facilitate the monitoring and reporting of climate actions, contributing to greater transparency and accountability.

However, the benefits of technology are not automatic, and there are significant challenges to overcome, including the digital divide, cybersecurity threats, and ethical issues related to privacy and data ownership. Thus, policy interventions and multi-stakeholder partnerships are needed to ensure that technology serves as a catalyst for sustainable development and does not exacerbate inequalities.

Monitoring the ocean carbon cycle is key to improved understanding. Satellites play a major role in our global carbon monitoring system. To make full use of satellite observations for ocean carbon monitoring the remote-sensing community needs to work closely with in-situ data experts, physical and biogeochemical modellers, Earth system scientists, climate scientists and marine policy experts.
This study assessed the central auditory processing (CAP) function and its electroencephalogram (EEG) in patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and the early stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD) so as to provide a basis for early recognition and intervention of AD.
Good paper on how electroencephalography monitoring is being used as a method to diagnose Alzheimer's.
Digital health programs are urgently needed to accelerate the adoption of Artificial Intelligence and Clinical Decision Support Systems (AI-CDSS) in clinical settings. However, such programs are still lacking for undergraduate medical students, and new approaches are required to prepare them for the arrival of new and unknown technologies.
In the context of applying machine learning to solve problems for risk prediction, disease detection, and treatment evaluation, EHR pose many challenges– they do not have a consistent, standardized format across institutions particularly in US, can contain human errors and introduce collection biases. In addition, some institutions or geographic regions do not have access to the technology or financial resources necessary to implement EHR, thus resulting in vulnerable and disadvantaged communities not being electronically visible.
A roadmap for health care leaders to execute intrinsic agency toward equity, supporting SDGs 3 and 10.
Results of ultrafiltration (UF) and reverse osmosis (RO) pilot plant on-site tests for wastewater reclamation are reported here with 90% and 65% water recovery achieved for UF and RO stages, respectively. RO achieved high quality requirements for industrial reuse supporting SDG 6.
Elsevier,

Measurement: Journal of the International Measurement Confederation, Volume 209, 15 March 2023

The research aims to assess the environmental sustainability of measurements, and the investigation is conducted through two case studies within the information and communication technology sector. The authors put forward recommendations for increasing a measurement's environmental sustainability.
Elsevier,

Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence, Volume 117, Part A, 2023, 105617

An examination of the challenges involved in water demand forecasting, with a particular focus on the impact of COVID-19 on the performance of various machine learning models designed for this purpose.
Nuclear desalination is an important non-electric application of nuclear power and heat, having strong interlinkages and alignment with sustainable development, climate change management (both mitigation and adaptation), and water security.

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