Technology plays a central role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG 9 (Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure), SDG 4 (Quality Education), SDG 3 (Good Health and Well-being), and SDG 13 (Climate Action). The transformative power of technology can accelerate progress towards all the SDGs by driving economic growth, reducing inequalities, enhancing access to basic services, and promoting sustainability.

Under SDG 9, technology, particularly in terms of Information and Communication Technology (ICT), is a key enabler of industrial innovation and infrastructure development. ICT has the potential to drive economic growth by enhancing productivity, creating jobs, and fostering entrepreneurship. Moreover, it can contribute to making industries more sustainable by facilitating the transition towards smart manufacturing and circular economy models.

Regarding SDG 4, technology can greatly enhance access to quality education. Digital technologies, including e-learning platforms, can break down barriers to education, such as geographical distance, socio-economic status, and physical disabilities. They can also enrich the learning process by enabling personalized, student-centered learning experiences.

In the context of SDG 3, technology has a profound impact on health outcomes. Medical technologies, from simple devices like thermometers to complex systems like MRI machines, have revolutionized healthcare delivery. Furthermore, digital health technologies, such as telemedicine and mobile health apps, can enhance access to health services, improve patient outcomes, and reduce healthcare costs.

For SDG 13, technology offers powerful tools for mitigating and adapting to climate change. Renewable energy technologies can help to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, while climate information services can enhance resilience to climate impacts. Furthermore, digital technologies can facilitate the monitoring and reporting of climate actions, contributing to greater transparency and accountability.

However, the benefits of technology are not automatic, and there are significant challenges to overcome, including the digital divide, cybersecurity threats, and ethical issues related to privacy and data ownership. Thus, policy interventions and multi-stakeholder partnerships are needed to ensure that technology serves as a catalyst for sustainable development and does not exacerbate inequalities.

Evaluating the bias and fairness of ML models has drawn much attention in the machine learning and statistics community. Researchers have proposed methods to assess and mitigate the bias for various applications that could adversely affect underrepresented groups, like recidivism prediction, credit risk prediction, and income prediction.
An investigation supporting SDGs 7 and 13, based in Ghana, into the possibility of using slaughterhouse wastes as a source of renewable energy through biogas technology. The researchers concluded that 'Ghana generates significant amount of slaughterhouse waste each year that can be processed using AD [anaerobic digestion] for energy and electricity production to supplement the country's electricity needs, while reducing GHG emissions'.
This Article supports SDG7 and 13 by proposing a new model to identify the most critical features of energy storage system technologies to enhance renewable energy integration and achieve New York State's climate goals from 2025 to 2040.
This chapter advances UN SDG goal 7 by discussing the role of nanosized metal catalysts in CO2 reduction in fuels

Trends in Biotechnology, Volume , 2023

This is an Opinion article by two highly accomplished synthetic biologists that explains how synthetic biology tools can benefit oceans.
An investigation into a new integrated model for pricing and financing a sustainable supply chain that can reduce manufacturing costs and thus encourage better participation by producers in green projects.

Alexis C.R. Hoste, Sigrid Görgen, Philippe Jacques, Chapter 10 - Increasing the natural biodiversity of microbial lipopeptides using a synthetic biology approach, Editor(s): Gloria Soberón-Chávez, In Foundations and Frontiers in Enzymology, Biosurfactants, Academic Press, 2023, Pages 203-247, ISBN 9780323916974

This content aligns with Goal 15: Life on land by investigating how synthetic biology can affect the synthesis of lipopeptides and increase their biodiversity.

Journal of Responsible Technology, Volume , 2023

The authors seek to create a framework that can inform the research agenda of the emerging literature of responsible digital transformation (DT). Through the research, two core questions are examined: '(1) when we can consider a DT process responsible (i.e., responsibility in DT), and (2) when we can consider DT outcomes responsible (i.e., the responsibility of DT)'. The authors point to the UN's sustainable development goals and its Universal Declaration of Human Rights as reference points for responsible DT.
In 2021, RELX continued to build on our strong corporate responsibility (CR) performance during the year, further improving on our key internal metrics and extending the scope of our unique contributions. This article is linked to SDGs 1,3,10,11,12,13 and 16, in line with RELX's areas of expertise.
Geopolitical applications of negative emissions and solar geoengineering technologies.