South America

Background: There is an urgent need to reduce the burden of depression among older adults in low-income and middle-income countries (LMICs). We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of a task-shared, collaborative care psychosocial intervention for improving recovery from depression in older adults in Brazil. Methods: PROACTIVE was a pragmatic, two-arm, parallel-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial conducted in Guarulhos, Brazil.
This Article supports SDGs 3 and 10 by highlighting substantial ethnoracial inequalities in child mortality in Brazil, especially among the Indigenous and Black populations.
It discussed the sedimentary dynamics and droughts
With the aging global population, the relationship between older people and their residential environments is increasingly important. This relationship is based on the match between the individual characteristics of a person, their needs and expectations, and the characteristics of their environment. By creating access to various health improvement factors and exposure to various risk factors, the conditions under which an individual ages can be modified. This helps to accelerate or decelerate the process of incapacitation that individuals undergo as they age. This can also reduce or reinforce socio-spatial inequalities, which underlie the preponderant role of territory and spatial policies in the prevention and promotion of healthy aging. This chapters supports the process for developing the Decade of Healthy Ageing (2020 – 2030) aligned to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG3).

An estimated 50 million people around the world currently live with Alzheimer's disease or other dementias, dementia being a collective term for progressive syndromes that affect various expressions of cognitive function, such as memory and emotional expression. Alzheimer’s disease accounts for the majority of cases (50 to 70%, varying by country, based on Alzheimer’s Disease International and World Health Organization figures).

An Article in support of SDGs 3, 13, and 15, examining the effects of environmental degradation and climate variation on re-emergence of malaria transmission.
This book chapter advances SDG #3 and #10 by focusing on an emblematic delayed-onset pathology often seen after traumatic brain injury—Alzheimer’s disease—and explain its relationship with chronic traumatic encephalopathy.
This study found a high prevalence of hepatitis C among patients on chronic hemodialysis in Lima, Peru. The results emphasize the need for interventions to reduce disease progression and improve treatment for these patients.
This Article supports SDG 3 by describing the barriers to multidisciplinary care for patients with breast cancer in Latin America, and suggesting that active involvement from all stakeholders is required to build solutions.