South America

Ongoing attention must be paid to these psychological dimensions for migrants and refugees, as well as further research, de-stigmatization, and education of governments and other stakeholders during the Compacts' implementation, review, and follow-up period, supporting SDG3.
In this study, the authors use topic modeling and critical discourse analysis to answer this question: what are the most significant topics of discussion within the Colombian feminist movement on Twitter during the COVID-19 pandemic?
Background: Latin America and the Caribbean present the second highest adolescent fertility rate in the world, only after sub-Saharan Africa, and have reached the third position globally in the incidence of motherhood in adolescence. We aimed to explore trends and inequities in adolescent childbearing in the region.

Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, Volume 119, June 2023

This study evaluates the relationship between the road network and deforestation and other negative impacts on indigenous people in Brazil.

Overcoming Obstacles in Drug Discovery and Development, Surmounting the Insurmountable—Case Studies for Critical Thinking  2023

Racial and ethnic disparities among clinical trial participants is a long-standing issue demanding attention in the research community as advances in precision medicine increase. This exclusion from clinical trial enrollment has tangible consequences, preventing traditionally underserved populations from benefitting from health innovation and cutting-edge technologies. Aggregation of populations into a generalized treatment population lends to the evident healthcare inequities we see today and support SDG3
This News item supports SDG 3 by describing the work of the PAHO Commission on Mental Health and COVID-19, which was created in order to improve mental health care in the Latin America and Caribbean region in light of the mental health crisis resulting from the pandemic. The article describes the 10 recommendations set forth by the Commission, and the opportunities and implications of these recommendations.
This is a Personal View discussing socioeconomic risk factors for dementia in women in Latin American Countries, with emphasis on gender roles and expectations that can infleuence the onset and prevalence of dementia
Castellanos-Barliza and León-Peláez 2023 investigated the recovery of physical-chemical and biological properties of Technosols in a chronosequence of drylands (over 7,10 and 21 years) in the El Cerrejón coal mine in Colombia. Their results showed significant improvements in soil properties, especially near the surface, with notable increases in soil N content and P solution after 7 years. Enhanced vegetation development over time contributed to higher soil organic matter, indicating successful rehabilitation and positive impacts of the restoration strategy in degraded mine spoils.
This Article supports SDG 3 and 10 by showing that among Indigenous children in Brazil (of the Guarani birth cohort), severely compromised living conditions were noted, and inequalities in the frequency of social and environmental risk factors between the Indigenous children. The authors note that policies are needed to improve housing, water and sanitation, and wealth conditions among people in Indigenous communities.
Elsevier, Annals of Hepatology, Volume 28, 1 May 2023
Introduction and Objectives: We aimed to analyze the trends of total and sex-stratified mortality from hepatitis C virus (HCV) and to estimate the proportion of non-alcoholic liver disease deaths in Mexico attributable to HCV from 2001-2017. Materials and Methods: Using the mortality multiple-cause dataset, we selected the codes for acute HCV and chronic HCV to analyze trends from 2001 to 2017.