Chemicals and waste

The management of chemicals and waste is a crucial aspect of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), a collection of 17 interlinked global goals designed to be a "blueprint to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all" by 2030. These goals were set up in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and are intended to be achieved by the year 2030. They address global challenges, including those related to poverty, inequality, climate change, environmental degradation, peace, and justice.

SDG 12, which focuses on Responsible Consumption and Production, is directly related to the management of chemicals and waste. This goal aims to ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns, which includes the environmentally sound management of chemicals and waste. The mismanagement of these elements can have severe environmental and health impacts, thus undermining the objectives of SDG 12.

One of the critical links between chemical and waste management and the SDGs is to human health, as outlined in SDG 3, which aims to ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages. Improper handling and disposal of chemicals and waste can lead to pollution and contamination, which can have direct adverse effects on human health. This includes increased risks of diseases, long-term health conditions, and impacts on the well-being of communities, especially those living in close proximity to waste disposal sites or industrial areas.

The impact of waste management also extends to climate change, addressed in SDG 13. Excessive waste generation, particularly organic waste in landfills, contributes to the production of greenhouse gases like methane, a potent contributor to global warming. Additionally, the production and disposal of plastics, electronic waste, and other non-biodegradable materials contribute significantly to carbon emissions. Effective management and reduction of waste are essential to mitigate climate change impacts.

The preservation of life below water (SDG 14) and life on land (SDG 15) is also heavily influenced by how chemicals and waste are managed. Pollution from chemicals and waste can severely impact aquatic ecosystems, harming marine life and biodiversity. Similarly, terrestrial ecosystems and wildlife are at risk from land pollution and habitat destruction caused by improper waste disposal and chemical spills.

Furthermore, SDG 8, which focuses on promoting sustained, inclusive, and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment, and decent work for all, is impacted by the management of chemicals and waste. Workers in industries dealing with chemicals and waste are often exposed to hazardous conditions. Ensuring their safety and health is a key aspect of achieving this goal. Moreover, sustainable waste management can create new job opportunities and contribute to economic growth through recycling and waste-to-energy sectors.

The effective and environmentally sound management of chemicals and waste is not only essential for achieving SDG 12 but also intersects with several other SDGs. It is a fundamental component of sustainable development, impacting human health, climate change, biodiversity, and economic growth. Addressing these challenges requires a holistic approach, encompassing strict regulatory frameworks, technological innovation, public awareness, and international cooperation to ensure a sustainable future.

This paper discussed the development and testing of a gamma radiation dose rate calculation model for the marine environment, and evaluates the potential use for such a model in both short term nuclear emergency response management and emergency response planning.

eBioMedicine, Volume 82, August 2022

This Article supports SDG 3 by assessing the presence of microplastics in human liver tissue and identifying six different microplastic polymers in the liver of individuals with liver cirrhosis.
This Article supports SDGs 3 and 6, focusing on the effects of water, sanitation, and hygiene interventions on childhood diarrhoea in low and middle income countries. Their findings support the higher service levels called for under SDG 6.
A Health Policy paper on the health impacts of banned pesticides in the Yaqui population in Mexico, in the context of SDGs 3, 10, and 12, highlighting recommendations for system-level solutions and policy change to current US, UN, and global laws.
Local actions have been considered as an important path for effective climate actions, but the extent to which community-level plastic waste elimination actions can be effective in coastal regions are unclear. This article leverage a nation-wide case study in Australia to show that community-level plastic pollution reduction actions can result in large benefits, regardless whether the plastic pollution was originated from the community or not.

World Environment Day is the most renowned day for environmental action. Since 1974, it has been celebrated every year on June 5th, engaging governments, businesses, celebrities and citizens to focus their efforts on a pressing environmental issue.


Encyclopedia of Inland Waters, Second Edition, Volume 4, 2022, Pages 47-57

This chapters advances SDG goals 11 and 12 by highlighting the pressures posed by agricultural activities to inland water systems. It discusses each of the pressures considering the trade-offs between productivity and environmental impacts.
The objective of the study is to make visible the exposure to environmental contaminants and the health of workers in mercury mines in Mexico.
The plastic sector is hard to decarbonize due to the widespread use of fossil energy as raw materials and the complex value chains rooted across global markets. This Review article takes a synthesis of existing literature and discusses potential and challenges in deep decarbonizing the global plastic sector via the aspects of technology and governance.
In the journey towards attaining the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), large scale organic farming has emerged as a strategy of increasing significance.