Energy is a central component of the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), explicitly reflected in SDG 7: Affordable and Clean Energy. However, the theme of energy cuts across multiple SDGs, demonstrating the interconnectivity of these global goals.

SDG 7's objective is to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all. Energy, in its various forms, is a vital driver of economic growth and is pivotal to nearly all aspects of development. Without a steady and reliable supply of energy, societies can hardly progress. However, millions of people around the world still lack access to modern and clean energy services. The emphasis on "affordable and clean" energy within this goal shows the need to transition from traditional energy sources, often characterized by high environmental costs, to more sustainable ones like wind, solar, and hydropower.

Energy's role is also significant in achieving other SDGs. For example, SDG 9: Industry, Innovation, and Infrastructure, emphasizes the need for sustainable and resilient infrastructure with increased resource-use efficiency and greater adoption of clean technologies. It is almost impossible to achieve this without a sustainable energy framework. Similarly, SDG 11: Sustainable Cities and Communities, calls for making cities inclusive, safe, resilient, and sustainable, and one of its targets (11.6) directly refers to the environmental impact of cities, for which energy is a key factor.

Furthermore, energy is a crucial player in SDG 13: Climate Action. The energy sector represents the largest single source of global greenhouse gas emissions. Transitioning to a sustainable energy future, therefore, is critical for tackling climate change. Efforts to reduce emissions and promote clean energy sources are crucial to mitigate climate change and its impacts.


Imran Khan, Md. Sahabuddin, Chapter 1 - Sustainability---Concept and its application in the energy sector, Editor(s): Imran Khan, Renewable Energy and Sustainability, Elsevier, 2022, Pages 1-22, ISBN 9780323886680.

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 7, 11, and 12 by discussing the concept of sustainability as it relates to sustainable energy development, and highlighting the various assessment methods that can be used

Mahfuz Kabir, Zobaidul Kabir, Nigar Sultana, Chapter 14 - Climate change, sustainability, and renewable energy in developing economies, Editor(s): Imran Khan, Renewable Energy and Sustainability, Elsevier, 2022, Pages 377-415, ISBN 9780323886680,

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 7, 11, and 12 by discussing the challenges and prospects of adopting renewable energy technologies, and making recommendations on the incentives and investment in research and development, market expansion, and the government's pro-active fiscal and monetary policy support to facilitate the rapid expansion of renewable energy in developing economies.

Michael F. Ashby, Chapter 18 - Wave Power, Editor(s): Michael F. Ashby, Materials and Sustainable Development (Second Edition), Butterworth-Heinemann, 2024, Pages 409-424, ISBN 9780323983617,

This chapter advances the UN SDG goals 7 and 11 by explores a possible sustainable development: building wave-energy capture systems that can make a significant contribution, meaning at least 10% of a nation’s energy needs.
The Paris Agreement goal of stabilizing temperature below 1.5C calls for a reduction of global energy consumption. Energy Efficiency policies are necessary but not sufficient to reduce energy consumption. Energy Conservation and Energy Sufficiency Policies complement Energy Efficiency policies, together they can reduce energy demand. The article presents some existing and new policies which address sufficiency. There is the need for coherent policy package with different types of policy instruments addressing efficiency and sufficiency.
Identified methane emissions and leaks from biomethane and biogas supply chains.

Handbook of Artificial Intelligence Techniques in Photovoltaic Systems: Modeling, Control, Optimization, Forecasting and Fault Diagnosis, 2022, Pages 149-182

This chapter contributes to SDG goals 7 and 11 by exploring optimization of photovoltaic systems using artificial intelligence techniques, meaning improved production and use of this essential renewable energy source.
This chapter advances SDG goals 7, 11, and 13, by presenting the direct integration of solar photovoltaic energy with food production, supporting cleaner, more sustainable agriculture, with decreased impact on climate change.
World Smart Energy Week is the world’s leading comprehensive B-to-B trade show for smart and renewable energy held twice a year in Japan. The show aims to provide a platform for professionals from across Japan, Asia, and the world to negotiate and network for the future of smart and renewable energy business. This supports SDG 9: to build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation.
Supporting Goal 14: Life Below Water, Oceanology International North America's world-class exhibition and conference helps organisations reach buyers from key market regions and sectors worldwide and help them improve their strategies for measuring, developing, protecting and operating in the world’s oceans.

Felix A. Diawuo, Roland Teye Amanor, Chapter 2 - Need for pumped hydro energy storage systems, Editor(s): Amos T. Kabo-Bah, Felix A. Diawuo, Eric O. Antwi, Pumped Hydro Energy Storage for Hybrid Systems, Academic Press, 2023, Pages 23-41, ISBN 9780128188538

This chapter provides information on the benefits of pumped hydro energy storage as a means of providing consisent renewable energy power generation, offering power network management including load balancing and peak shaving, and grid stabilization with emphasis on frequency and voltage regulation. Additionally, the chapter highlights some of the different pumped hydro energy storage hybrid designs for both off-grid and grid-tied applications while the impact of climate change is discussed.